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By admin: June 27, 2022

"Global Liveability Index" 2022

Tags: Latest International News

Austria's capital Vienna has been ranked first as the world's most livable city in the annual Global Liveability Index released by The Economist magazine.

  • 140 cities of the world have been assessed in this index.

  • The cities in this list have been ranked on the basis of many factors including political and social stability, crime, access to education and healthcare.

  • Delhi (112) topped the 6 South Asian cities followed by Mumbai (117).

  • Pakistan's financial capital Karachi and Bangladesh's capital Dhaka were ranked among the least livable cities in the world.

  • The Chinese capital Beijing is at number 71.

  • Damascus, the capital of Syria, is ranked at the bottom of the list.

  • Top 10 Cities -

  • 1. Vienna (Austria)

  • 2. Copenhagen (Denmark)

  • 3. Calgary (Canada)

  • 4. Zurich (Switzerland)

  • 5. Vancouver (Canada)

  • 6. Geneva (Switzerland)

  • 7. Frankfurt (Germany)

  • 8. Toronto (Canada)

  • 9. Amsterdam (Netherlands)

  • 10. Osaka (Japan)

By admin: June 25, 2022

'Chief Minister Bal Gopal Yojana' will be implemented in Rajasthan

Tags: Government Schemes Latest

On the initiative of Rajasthan Chief Minister Ashok Gehlot, the 'Mukhyamantri Bal Gopal Yojana' has been approved for the children of class 1 to 8 in the state.


  • Under the scheme, milk will be provided to the children of class 1 to 8 in the state two days a week.

  • Under the scheme, about 69 lakh 21 thousand children studying in government schools will be provided milk prepared from powder, twice a week, on Tuesdays and Fridays.

  • If these days are a holiday, milk will be made available on the next academic day. 150 ml milk will be distributed to children of classes 1 to 5 and 200 ml to children of classes 6 to 8.

  • The scheme was announced in the state budget for the financial year 2022-23.

  • With the implementation of this scheme, there will be an improvement in the nutritional level of children from class 1 to 8, enrollment and attendance in government schools will increase and dropout of students will also be stopped.

  • For this, powder milk will be procured from Rajasthan Co-operative Dairy Federation and district wise allocation of powder milk will be done through Mid-Day Meal Commissionerate.

  • Doorstep delivery of powdered milk will be done to the schools as per the allocation by RCDF itself.

  • Other major schemes of Rajasthan -

  • Prashasan gaon ke sang abhiyan 

  • Chief Minister Anupriti Coaching Scheme

  • Chief Minister Kisan Mitra Energy Scheme

  • Smile on Wheels Project

  • Ghar Ghar Aushadhi Scheme

  • Chief Minister Chiranjeevi Yojana

By admin: June 24, 2022

J&K to host G20 summit in 2023

Tags: Latest Summits

The summit of the G-20, an influential grouping of the world's major economies, will be organised by the Government of India in 2023 in Jammu and Kashmir next year.

  • 20 countries including China, USA, Canada, Germany, Turkey will participate in this conference.

  • India will chair the G20 from December 1, 2022 and will host the G20 leaders' summit for the first time in the year 2023.

  • The Government of India has approved the formation of a committee for all coordination of the G-20 Summit to be held in the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir. The chairman of this committee will be the Principal Secretary of the Housing and Urban Development Department of the Union Territory.

  • Along with this, the members of the committee will include Commissioner Secretary (Transport), Administrative Secretary (Tourism), Administrative Secretary (Hospitality and Protocol) and Administrative Secretary (Culture).

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi has been leading India's representation at the G20 summit since 2014.

  • India has been a part of the G-20 group since 1999. At the same time, from 1 December 2021 to 30 November 2024, India is also a part of the G-20 Troika.

  • Union Minister of Commerce and Industry Piyush Goyal was appointed Sherpa of India for G20.

  • G-20 Group 

  • Group of 20 or G-20 is a multilateral organisation which was set up in 1999.

  • It consists of the world's major developed and developing countries.

  • It consists of 19 countries and the European Union. The member countries are Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, South Korea, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States.

  • The presidency of the G20 rotates every year among its members, with the country that holds the presidency working together with its predecessor and successor, also known as Troika, to ensure the continuity of the agenda. Currently Italy, Indonesia, and India are the Troika countries.

  • Italy was the President of the G-20 in 2021. Indonesia is the President for 2022 and India will be the President in 2023. 

  • The first Summit meeting of the leaders of the G-20 was held in 2008 at Washington, United States.

  • The G20 has no permanent secretariat.

  • G-20 members constitute 60% of the world population, 80% of the World economy and 75% of world trade.

By admin: May 23, 2022

Finland and Sweden apply to join NATO

Tags: Latest International News

Finland and Sweden have officially applied to join the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) amid heightened concerns over Russia's attack on Ukraine.

  • Finland and Sweden have a non-aligned policy, but they have always been close to NATO. The 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine prompted him to join NATO.

  • NATO membership process

  • First a country must formally apply for NATO membership.

  • The joining country must meet the criteria set out in NATO's 1995 "Study on Expansion". These criteria include a functioning democratic political system based on a market economy, the ability to make a military contribution to NATO, etc.

  • A country can join NATO only if all its 30 member countries support its membership.

  • A country can become a member of NATO after ratification of accession protocols, which may take 8 to 12 months.

  • At present, Turkey has not agreed to give NATO membership to Finland and Sweden.

  • About North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) -

  • NATO is an intergovernmental military alliance consisting of 30 member states belonging to Europe and North America (28 European states, the US and Canada).

  • NATO aims to guarantee the security of its members through political and military means.

  • According to Article 5 of the North Atlantic Treaty, an armed attack against any NATO member in Europe or North America shall be deemed an attack against all NATO members.

  • Article 5 has been invoked only once so far after the 9/11 terrorist attacks against the US.

  • The last country to join NATO was North Macedonia in 2020.

  • Headquarters- Brussels, Belgium

By admin: May 20, 2022

PM Modi to attend to third edition of Quad leaders' summit in Tokyo

Tags: Latest Summits

Prime Minister Narendra Modi will attend the Quad Leaders Summit in Tokyo on May 24 at the invitation of Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida.

  • US President Joe Biden, Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison and Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida will attend the summit.

  • The summit in Tokyo is the fourth meeting of the Quad Leaders since the first virtual meeting in March last year.

  • During the visit, Modi will participate in business programs with Japanese business leaders.

  • He will also address and interact with the Indian community in Japan.

  • He will also hold a bilateral meeting with US President Joe Biden.

  • The two leaders will review the India-US Strategic Partnership and act on discussions held during the bilateral meeting of the Prime Minister of India with the US President last September.

  • Modi is also likely to hold bilateral talks with his Australian counterpart.

  • Purpose of the meeting

  • To review progress of Quad Initiatives and Working Groups, identify new areas of cooperation and provide strategic guidance and vision for future collaborations.

  • The meeting will provide an opportunity to both the leaders to take forward the mutual dialogue after the 14th India Japan Annual Summit held in New Delhi in March this year.

  • About Quad

  • This is known as the 'Quadrilateral Security Dialogue' (QSD).

  • It is an informal strategic forum comprising four nations - United States of America (USA), India, Australia and Japan. 

  • It aims to work for a free, open, prosperous and inclusive Indo-Pacific region.

  • The first meeting of the Quad was held in 2007 on the sidelines of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).

  • The Quad Summit provides an opportunity for leaders to exchange views on the development of the Indo-Pacific region and current global issues of mutual interest.

  • Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe was the first to consider the formation of the Quad in 2007.

By admin: May 19, 2022

Second phase of wellness mother campaign begins

Tags: Latest National News

Lok Sabha Speaker Om Birla launched the second phase of Suposhit Maa Abhiyan in Kota to keep pregnant women of the Kota Bundi region well-nourished.

  • Under the campaign, a target has been set to nourish three thousand pregnant women, so that 2,000 women in Kota and 1 thousand in Bundi will get the benefit of the campaign.

  • Under this campaign, nutrition kits will be provided to pregnant women for 9 months.

  • In the year 2020, Suposhit Maa Abhiyan was started by identifying 1000 pregnant women with the goal of removing nutritional deficiency among women.

  • Nutrition kit has been prepared by Hans Foundation for the beneficiary women and health cards were also provided to the women for monitoring.

  • Other efforts currently being made

  • Nutrition campaign

  • Under POSHAN Abhiyaan (erstwhile National Nutrition Mission), all districts in 36 States/UTs have been covered in a phased manner.

  • It is an integrated multi-ministerial mission to ensure the achievement of malnutrition free India by the year 2022.

  • The main objective of POSHAN Abhiyaan is to reduce stunting in identified districts of India by improving access and quality of Anganwadi services. In addition, to ensure holistic development and adequate nutrition for pregnant women and post-delivery mothers and their children.

  • Goals of National Nutrition Mission 2022

  • To reduce low birth weight by 2% per annum from 2017 to 2022.

  • Reducing stunting to the level of 25% by the year 2022.

  • To reduce the level of anaemia existing in children below 5 years of age and women in the age group of 15-49 years by 3% annually from 2017 to 2022.

By admin: May 14, 2022

Commerce Minister Piyush Goyal inaugurates India-UAE Economic Partnership Summit

Tags: Latest Summits

Union Commerce Minister Piyush Goyal and UAE Economy Minister Abdullah bin Touq Al Marie inaugurated the India-UAE Economic Partnership Summit in Mumbai on 13 May.

  • The two leaders also launched the India-UAE Start-up Bridge to boost the economy.

  • The summit was organised by Confederation of Indian Industry.

  • India and UAE have immense potential to work together and the Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (CEPA) will open a lot of doors to markets across the world.

  • Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (CEPA)

  • The Comprehensive Trade Agreement between India and the United Arab Emirates will help generate employment opportunities and boost the growth of the domestic economy.

  • The Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (CEPA) is expected to increase bilateral trade in goods to over US$100 billion and trade in services to over US$15 billion within five years.

  • The agreement paves the way for several sectors, especially labour intensive sectors such as textiles, gems and jewellery, pharmaceuticals and agriculture.

  • The agreement will open doors not only for Indian and UAE businesses but also for other countries as the UAE is a transit point for large parts of Africa, CIS (Commonwealth of Independent States) countries and the Gulf region.

  • CIS countries include Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia, and Tajikistan.

  • Indian pharma products will get immediate access to the UAE market.

  • Bilateral trade will reach at least US$ 100 billion in the near future.

By admin: May 12, 2022

Skill India International Centre to be set up at Varanasi

Tags: Latest National News

NSDC International (NSDCI) and the Indian unit of DP World, Hindustan Ports Private Limited has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to develop a Skill India International Centre at Varanasi to skill Indian youth for pursuing overseas employment opportunities in logistics, port operations.

  • The Skill India International Centre in Varanasi will provide skills as per international standards and will prepare candidates for global markets.

  • Skill India International Centres aims to provide high quality training to Indian youth.

  • The centres would host training facilities, providing skills as per the demand of international employers in countries like the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Canada, Australia and other countries.

  • It will also have a wide network of partner organisations and foreign recruiters to facilitate the supply of skilled and certified workforce to other countries.

  • These partnering organisations will work with NSDCI for aggregating demand from overseas markets. 

  • About NSDC International Limited (NSDCI)

  • This is a subsidiary of National Skill Development Corporation that is driving Skill India International Mission of making India the Skill Capital of the World.

  • Its vision is to transform India into a preferred partner country for sourcing skilled and certified workforce across the globe.

  • It provides global job opportunities for NRIs and global career mobility for NRIs.

  • About DP World

  • Hindustan Ports Pvt Ltd is part of DP World, a leading provider of smart end-to-end supply chain logistics to enable business flow across the globe.

  • Its comprehensive range of products and services covers every link of the integrated supply chain. 

By admin: May 12, 2022

Supreme Court stays on sedition law

Tags: Latest National News

The Supreme Court suspended pending criminal trials and court proceedings under Section 124A (sedition) of the Indian Penal Code and allowed the British-era law to be reconsidered.

  • The Supreme Court also restrained the Centre and the states from filing FRs, continuing investigations or taking punitive action under Section 124A.

  • About Sedition Law

  • Section 124A of the Indian Penal Code provides for the punishment of sedition.

  • The IPC was enacted in 1860, under the British Raj.

  • The then British government in India feared that religious preachers from the Indian subcontinent would wage war against the government.

  • The need for such a law was felt after the successful suppression of the Wahhabi movement by the British.

  • This section was used by the British to suppress activists in favour of national independence, including Tilak and Mahatma Gandhi, both of whom were found guilty and imprisoned.

  • Sedition as a cognizable offence

  • It was made a cognizable offence for the first time in history in India during the tenure of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi in 1973.

  • A cognizable offence means arrest without a warrant.

  • Two High Courts of India found it unconstitutional after independence, as it violates freedom of speech and expression.

By admin: May 10, 2022

Monkeypox virus case confirmed in U.K.

Tags: Latest International News

A case of monkeypox virus has been reported in Britain, a person who returned after travelling to Nigeria has been confirmed with monkeypox virus.

  • Monkeypox was first discovered in 1958.

  • According to the World Health Organisation, the first case of monkeypox was reported in humans in the year 1970.

  • What is monkeypox virus ?

  • Monkeypox is a disease caused by a virus that is transmitted mostly from rats and monkeys to humans.

  • The disease belongs to the orthopoxvirus genus, which includes variola virus, vaccinia virus, and cowpox virus.

  • Monkeypox is a zoonosis, meaning it is a disease that spreads from an infected animal to humans.

  • Symptoms of monkeypox

  • Dark red spots on the body.

  • Red rash on the skin.

  • flu symptoms.

  • symptoms of pneumonia.

  • Fever and headache.

  • Muscle pain.

  • To get cold

  • treatment 

  • There is no cure available for this disease. But smallpox vaccines, antivirals and VIG can be used to prevent this disease.

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