Anthrax Outbreak In Kerala’s Athirappilly Forest

Tags: State News

Kerala Health Minister Veena George recently confirmed the outbreak of anthrax after several carcasses of wild boar were found at Athirapally in Thrissur district.

  • Important facts

  • Anthrax is a serious infectious disease caused by bacteria.

  • It is commonly found in the southern states of India. It is found less in the northern states.

  • The disease has been reported in Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Jammu and Kashmir, Assam, Orissa and Karnataka.

  • Anthrax

  • Anthrax is also called Woolsorter's disease or malignant pustules.

  • It is a rare but serious disease caused by a rod-shaped bacteria called Bacillus anthracis.

  • These bacteria are naturally found in the soil.

  • According to WHO, anthrax is a disease of herbivores that affects wild and domestic animals.

  • It is a zoonotic disease; Thus, it is transferable from animals to humans.

  • When wild and domestic animals come in contact with contaminated soil, water, they can become infected.

  • Anthrax infection in humans

  • Humans become infected with anthrax disease directly or indirectly from animals or animal products.

  • Humans can become infected when they enter the body through eating contaminated food, drinking contaminated water, breathing or scratching the skin.

  • Symptoms of anthrax

  • The first sign is the sudden death of one or two animals within a herd of livestock species such as cattle, sheep or goats.

  • Symptoms of high fever may be seen.

  • Swelling, and sudden death with the absence of blood clots are common symptoms in wildlife.

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