Odisha tops first national food security ranking, Tripura best among smaller states

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Union Food Minister Piyush Goyal released on 5 July the first State Ranking Index for implementation of the National Food Security Act, 2013.

  • Odisha has been placed at the top position in the 'State Ranking Index for NFSA' among the general category states.

  • In the ranking, Uttar Pradesh is second and Andhra Pradesh is at third position.

  • Tripura ranks first among special category states/UTs followed by Himachal Pradesh and Sikkim respectively.

  • In addition, among the 3 union territories where Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT)-cash driven, Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu are in top position.

  • Three key pillars for ranking

  • The index for ranking of states and union territories is built on three major pillars-

  1. NFSA - Coverage, Targeting and Provisions of the Act

  2. Delivery platform

  3. nutritional initiatives

  • These pillars cover end-to-end implementation of NFSA through TPDS.

  • State Ranking Index for NFSA

  • It attempts to document the status and progress of implementation of NFSA across the country and various reform initiatives in consultation with the states.

  • It highlights the reforms undertaken by States and UTs and creates a cross-learning environment and scale-up reform measures by all States and UTs.

  • The index largely focuses on NFSA distribution and will include future buyouts, PMGKAY distributions.

  • National Food Security Act (NFSA)

  • It was enacted on July 5, 2013.

  • NFSA provides a legal right to persons belonging to "eligible households" to receive food grains at subsidized prices under the Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS).

  • It provides rice at Rs 3/kg, wheat at Rs 2/kg and coarse grain at Re 1/kg under the TPDS.

  • Overall, the NFSA caters to 67% of the total population.

  • It is responsible for the provision of subsidized food grains to 75% of the rural population and 50% of the urban population of all states and union territories.

  • The Mid-Day Meal Scheme (MDMS), Public Distribution System (PDS), and Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) are covered under this Act.

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