Odisha tops first national food security ranking, Tripura best among smaller states
Union Food Minister Piyush Goyal released on 5 July the first State Ranking Index for implementation of the National Food Security Act, 2013.
Odisha has been placed at the top position in the 'State Ranking Index for NFSA' among the general category states.
In the ranking, Uttar Pradesh is second and Andhra Pradesh is at third position.
Tripura ranks first among special category states/UTs followed by Himachal Pradesh and Sikkim respectively.
In addition, among the 3 union territories where Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT)-cash driven, Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu are in top position.
Three key pillars for ranking
The index for ranking of states and union territories is built on three major pillars-
NFSA - Coverage, Targeting and Provisions of the Act
These pillars cover end-to-end implementation of NFSA through TPDS.
State Ranking Index for NFSA
It attempts to document the status and progress of implementation of NFSA across the country and various reform initiatives in consultation with the states.
It highlights the reforms undertaken by States and UTs and creates a cross-learning environment and scale-up reform measures by all States and UTs.
The index largely focuses on NFSA distribution and will include future buyouts, PMGKAY distributions.
National Food Security Act (NFSA)
It was enacted on July 5, 2013.
NFSA provides a legal right to persons belonging to "eligible households" to receive food grains at subsidized prices under the Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS).
It provides rice at Rs 3/kg, wheat at Rs 2/kg and coarse grain at Re 1/kg under the TPDS.
Overall, the NFSA caters to 67% of the total population.
It is responsible for the provision of subsidized food grains to 75% of the rural population and 50% of the urban population of all states and union territories.
The Mid-Day Meal Scheme (MDMS), Public Distribution System (PDS), and Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) are covered under this Act.
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