National Children's Day
Tags: Important Days
Every year on 14 November, National Children's Day is celebrated across the country.
The day commemorates the birth anniversary of the first Prime Minister of India, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru.
Nehru was a great supporter of children's rights and an all-inclusive education system where knowledge is accessible to all.
He believed that children are the future of the country and the foundation of the society, so their well-being should be taken care of.
Children's Day is celebrated all over the country to raise awareness about the rights, care and education of children.
Background of the day
In India, it was celebrated as 'Universal Children's Day' on November 20, 1956.
However, after the death of Jawaharlal Nehru, a resolution was passed in the Indian Parliament to mark his birthday as National Children's Day.
Along with being an efficient administrator, Nehru worked to build some of India's most prestigious educational institutions, such as AIIMS, IITs and IIMs.
About Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru
He was born on 14th November 1889 at Allahabad, United Provinces, his father was Motilal Nehru and his mother was Swaruprani Thussu.
He moved to England at the age of 15 to study at Harrow School.
He then studied natural science from the University of Cambridge.
Nehru studied law and started his practice at the Allahabad High Court in 1912.
When he met Mahatma Gandhi for the first time in 1916, he was very impressed by his teachings.
He became the Indian National Congress’s General Secretary in 1923.
He was the party president when Purna Swaraj was first announced at the Lahore session in 1929.
He was a prominent face of the independence movement after Gandhi. He was jailed on several occasions.
He headed the interim government in 1946.
After the country got independence, he successfully integrated the country with Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel and his associate VK Krishna Menon.
He initiated many projects for the development of the country like establishment of IITs, Defence academies etc.
He was the first prime minister of India (1947–64).
He is the longest-serving prime minister of the country, having held this position for 17 years.
He passed away on May 27, 1964.
His birth anniversary is celebrated as National Children's Day in the country.
Some of Nehru's Works
The Discovery of India
Letters from a Father to His Daughter
Glimpses of World History
Toward Freedom (Autobiography)
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