National Children's Day

Tags: Important Days

Children's Day

Every year on 14 November,  National Children's Day is celebrated across the country.

Important facts

  • The day commemorates the birth anniversary of the first Prime Minister of India, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. 

  • Nehru was a great supporter of children's rights and an all-inclusive education system where knowledge is accessible to all.

  • He believed that children are the future of the country and the foundation of the society, so their well-being should be taken care of.

  • Children's Day is celebrated all over the country to raise awareness about the rights, care and education of children.

Background of the day 

  • In India, it was celebrated as 'Universal Children's Day' on November 20, 1956.

  • However, after the death of Jawaharlal Nehru, a resolution was passed in the Indian Parliament to mark his birthday as  National Children's Day.

  • Along with being an efficient administrator, Nehru worked to build some of India's most prestigious educational institutions, such as AIIMS, IITs and IIMs.

About Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru

  • He was born on 14th November 1889 at Allahabad, United Provinces, his father was Motilal Nehru and his mother was Swaruprani Thussu.

  • He moved to England at the age of 15 to study at Harrow School.

  • He then studied natural science from the University of Cambridge.

  • Nehru studied law and started his practice at the Allahabad High Court in 1912.

  • When he met Mahatma Gandhi for the first time in 1916, he was very impressed by his teachings.

  • He became the Indian National Congress’s General Secretary in 1923.

  • He was the party president when Purna Swaraj was first announced at the Lahore session in 1929.

  • He was a prominent face of the independence movement after Gandhi. He was jailed on several occasions.

  • He headed the interim government in 1946.

  • After the country got independence, he successfully integrated the country with Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel and his associate VK Krishna Menon.

  • He initiated many projects for the development of the country like establishment of IITs, Defence academies etc.

  • He was the first prime minister of India (1947–64). 

  • He is the longest-serving prime minister of the country, having held this position for 17 years.

  • He passed away on May 27, 1964.

  • His birth anniversary is celebrated as National Children's Day in the country.

Some of Nehru's Works

  • The Discovery of India

  • Letters from a Father to His Daughter

  • Glimpses of World History

  • Toward Freedom (Autobiography)


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