Culture Ministry organizes 'Tiranga Utsav' on the occasion of 146th birth anniversary of Pingali Venkaiah

Tags: National National News

Union Home Minister Amit Shah participated in the 'Tiranga Utsav' being organised by the Ministry of Culture in New Delhi on 2 August.

Important facts

  • The event is being organized on the occasion of the 146th birthday of freedom fighter Pingali Venkaiah who designed the national flag and made a huge contribution to the nation.

  • In this program a commemorative postage stamp was issued in his honour for his invaluable contribution to the freedom struggle and his family was honoured.

  • The Home Minister launches the “Har Ghar Tiranga” anthem and video during the 'Tiranga Utsav'. 

  • The program featured live performances by masters like Kailash Kher and Kailasa, Harshdeep Kaur and Dr. Ragini Makkhar.

  • On the completion of 75 years of independence, the central government is running the 'Har Ghar Tiranga' campaign.

Who was Pingali Venkayya?

  • He was born on August 2, 1876, at Bhatlapenumarru, near present-day Machilipatnam town in Andhra Pradesh.

  • He was sent to South Africa to fight in the war as a soldier of the British Indian Army.

  • He was impressed by the feeling of nationalism inspired by the Union Jack among British soldiers in South Africa.

  • He was the designer of India’s national tricolour.

  • In 1921, Mahatma Gandhi approved the tricolor designed by him at a meeting of the Indian National Congress in Vijayawada.

  • The tricolor version presented by Venkayya to Mahatma Gandhi had two stripes (green and red) and a Gandhian spinning wheel in the centre.

  • On Gandhi's suggestion, Venkayya added a white stripe at the top, and it became the original tricolor.

  • This flag was used informally in all Congress meetings from 1921 onwards.

  • During the Congress session of 1931, the Congress adopted the tricolor with a color scheme – saffron, white and green and the spinning wheel in the centre.

  • The flag became the standard of Mahatma Gandhi's non-violent freedom movement.

  • A postage stamp was issued in his honor in 2009.

  • In 2014, the Vijayawada station of All India Radio (AIR) was also named after him.

  • He died in 1963 in poverty and oblivion.

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