Muslim Women's Rights Day
Tags: Important Days
On August 1, 2019, Muslim women got freedom from the social evil called 'triple talaq', hence August 1 has been recorded in the history of India as 'Muslim Women's Rights Day'.
Muslim Women's Rights Day is celebrated on 1st August in the backdrop of Triple Talaq Bill which was approved in Parliament on 1st August 2019.
The Triple Talaq Bill was a major milestone in freeing Muslim women from the shackles of social evil of the conditions of divorce.
Shah Bano Begum & Ors Vs Mo Ahmed Khan', 'Shayra Bano Vs Union of India and Others' laid the foundation stone for this move.
In her writ petition, Shayra Bano had sought the Supreme Court to declare the three practices talaq-e-biddat, polygamy, nikah-halala unconstitutional.
Cases were being registered citing violation of Articles 14, 15, 21, 25 of the Constitution.
About triple talaq law
Triple talaq is called 'Talaq-e-bidat'.
In this, the husband says three times in one go... Divorce-divorce-divorce. It is valid only if both the husband and wife agree to divorce each other.
But it has been seen that in almost 100 percent of the cases, only the husband has the consent.
The bill was passed in the Lok Sabha in December 2017, but got stuck in the Rajya Sabha.
After this, in September 2018, the government issued an ordinance to ban triple talaq.
Declaring triple talaq as an offence in this ordinance, there is a provision for imprisonment of up to three years and fine for the husband.
The Supreme Court called it a violation of Articles 14 and 21 of the Indian Constitution, which give equal rights to all citizens.
According to Section 3 of this bill, it will be illegal and unlawful to pronounce triple talaq in writing or by any electronic means.
Success of law
Ever since the law was passed, the cases of triple talaq have come down by 82%.
Which countries have banned triple talaq?
Egypt was the first country to ban triple talaq in 1929.
Egypt is followed by Sudan, Pakistan (in 1956), Malaysia (in 1969), Bangladesh (in 1972), Iraq (in 1959) and Syria (in 1953).
In recent years, the United Arab Emirates, Morocco, Iran, Cyprus, Qatar, Jordan, Brunei, Algeria, as well as India, have banned the practice.
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