Education Ministry releases Performance Grading Index for states, UTs
The Department of School Education and Literacy, Ministry of Education on 3 November, 2022 released the Performance Grading Index (PGI) for States/UTs for 2020-21.
Highlight of the Index
A total of 25.57 crore students were enrolled in schools from primary to higher secondary in the year 2021-22, while in the year 2020-21, 25.38 crore students were enrolled.
An increase of 19.36 lakhs was registered in the number of students enrolled in the year 2021-22.
In the year 2021-22, there was an increase of 4.82 crores in the enrollment of SC students, while in the year 2020-21 it was 4.78 crores.
The enrollment of ST students was 2.51 crore in the year 2021-22, as compared to 2.49 in the year 2020-21.
The enrollment of OBC students was 11.48 crore in the year 2021-22, as compared to 11.35 crore in the year 2020-21.
Gross Enrollment Ratio (GER)
An improvement in the Gross Enrollment Ratio in primary, upper primary and higher secondary level school education was observed in the year 2021-22 as compared to the year 2020-21.
In the higher secondary schools, an improvement in GER was recorded in the year 2020-21 to 53.8 percent and it increased to 57.6 percent in the year 2021-22.
Number of Teachers
During the year 2021-22, 95.07 lakh teachers were engaged in school education, of which more than 51 percent were female teachers.
In the year 2021-22, the pupil-teacher ratio (PTR) stood at 26 in primary, 19 in upper primary, 18 in secondary and 27 in higher secondary.
In this way, it is continuously improving from the year 2018-19.
Enrollment in Higher Secondary Education
In the year 2021-22, more than 12.29 crore girl students had enrolled from primary to higher secondary.
Thus, in 2020-21, an increase of 8.19 lakh was registered in the enrollment of girls as compared to boys.
The Gender Parity Index (GPI) shows that girls are at a reasonable level of representation in school education, given the population of girls in the same age group.
SC students enrollment
The enrollment of SC students from primary to higher secondary in the year 2021-22 increased to 4.83 crore as compared to 4.78 crore enrollment in the year 2020-21.
The enrollment of ST students increased from 2.49 crore in 2020-21 to 2.51 crore in 2021-22 and the enrollment of OBC students increased from 11.35 crore in 2020-21 to 11.49 crore in 2021-22.
Number of schools
There were 14.89 lakh schools in the year 2021-22, while the number of schools in the year 2020-21 was 15.09 lakh.
The main reason for the decrease in the number of schools was the closure of private schools and other managed schools and the formation of clusters of schools by different states.
Availability of infrastructure facilities in schools
Electricity connection - 89.3%
Drinking water - 98.2%
Girls Toilet - 97.5%
CWSN Toilet - 27%
Hand washing facility - 93.6%
Playground - 77%
Railing ramp for CWSN - 49.7%
Library/Reading Room/Reading Space - 87.3%
Sustainable Environmental Initiatives for Schools
Kitchen Garden - 27.7%
Rainwater Harvesting - 21%
About Performance Grading Index for states, UTs
The online data collection system from schools was developed by the Department of School Education and Literacy in the year 2018-19.
It is a unique index for evidence-based comprehensive analysis of school education systems across State/UTs.
Its objective is to promote evidence-based policy making and highlight course correction to ensure quality education for all.
This report was released for the year 2017-18, 2018-19 and 2019-20.
The present report is for the year 2020-21.
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