IIT Madras to get Rs 242 cr grant for research on Lab Grown Diamonds
Tags: Economy/Finance National News
The Indian Institute of Technology Madras will be provided a grant of Rs 242 crore over a period of five years to carry out research on Lab Grown Diamonds (LGD).
An overview of the news
It will encourage indigenous production of LGD seeds, machines and reduce import dependence.
The research will focus on indigenization of the LGD manufacturing process.
Presenting the Union Budget 2023-24, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman said that "Laboratory grown diamonds (LGD) is a technology and innovation-driven emerging sector with high employment potential.
The government has proposed to cut duty on import of 'seeds', used as raw material for lab-grown diamonds.
About Lab-Grown Diamonds
Lab-grown diamonds are diamonds that are produced using specific technology that mimics the geological processes that grow natural diamonds.
These eco-friendly diamonds have optically and chemically similar properties to natural diamonds.
LGDs are chemically, physically and optically similar to natural diamonds and thus it is difficult to identify "lab-grown" diamonds.
Significance of LGDs
LGD is often used for industrial purposes, in machines and equipment.
Their hardness and added strength make them ideal for use as cutters.
Additionally, pure synthetic diamond has high thermal conductivity, but negligible electrical conductivity.
As the Earth's natural diamond reserves dwindle, LGDs are slowly replacing the precious stones in the jewellery industry.
Like natural diamonds, LGDs go through the same processes of polishing and cutting that are required to provide diamonds their distinctive lustre.
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