World Wetlands Day 2023
Tags: Important Days
World Wetlands Day is observed across the world on 2 February.
An overview of the news
Wetlands Day marks the signing of a convention called the Ramsar Convention.
The Convention on Wetlands was adopted on February 2, 1971 in Ramsar, a city in Iran.
This day is celebrated to raise awareness about wetlands.
With 75 Ramsar sites spread over an area of over 1.3 million hectares, India has the largest number of wetlands in South Asia.
The total number of Ramsar sites in the country has increased to 75. Whereas before 2014 it was only 26.
The theme of World Wetlands 2023 is "It's time for wetlands restoration".
The theme emphasises the urgent need to prioritise wetland restoration.
In the Union Budget 2023-24, the government has proposed two schemes – Amrit Dharohar and Mangrove Initiative for Shoreline Habitats and Tangible Income (Mishti) – to protect wetlands and mangroves.
What are Wetlands?
Wetlands are vital not only for the ecosystems but our climate, providing essential services such as water regulation, flood control, and water purification.
Wetlands are also capable of absorbing carbon dioxide.
Wetlands are called “Kidneys of the Earth”.
What are Ramsar sites?
A Ramsar site is a wetland site specifically designated for international importance as a waterfowl habitat under the Ramsar Convention.
Ramsar Convention is an intergovernmental environment treaty established in 1975 by UNESCO.
Ramsar refers to wetlands of international importance in terms of site ecology, botany, zoology or hydrology.
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