INCOIS Brings out Coastal Vulnerability Index
Tags: National News
The Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS), Hyderabad has brought out the Coastal Vulnerability Index(CVI).
The Coastal Vulnerability Index ranks the coastal areas of the States /Union Territories on the basis of physical and geological risk they face if there is rise in sea level in future.
To prepare the Index, INCOIS used various parameters. The parameters were selected on the basis of the change expected in the coastal area when the sea level rises. These parameters are based on :
Shoreline change rate;
Historical rate of relative sea-level change,
Risk assessment of the coastal states
According to the CVI the States/Union Territories which are going to be affected are as follows
Gujarat’s 124 coastal km or 5.36 % of its coastal area is going to get affected , similarly
Maharashtra 11 km or 1.22%
Karnataka & Goa 48 km or 9.54% each ,
Kerala 15 km or 2.39%,
Tamil Nadu 65 km or 6.38%,
Andhra Pradesh 6 km or 0.55 %,
Odisha 37 km or 7.51%
West Bengal 49 km or 2.56%,
Lakshadweep Islands 1 km or 0.81%,
Andaman Islands 24 km or 0.96 km and Nicobar Islands 8 km or 0.97%.
Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services was established as an autonomous body in 1999 under the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) and is a unit of the Earth System Science Organisation (ESSO).
It issues alerts on Tsunami, storm,high waves alerts etc.
It provides information to the fisherman on areas having abundant fish in the ocean.
Headquarter : Hyderabad
India has a coastline of 7516.6 Km.
It has 6100 km of mainland coastline plus a coastline of 1416.6Km of 1197 Indian islands .
Length of coastline (in km)
Andaman and Nicobar
Daman and Diu/Dadra Nagar Haveli
Source: Ministry of Home Affairs .
Important full form for EXAMS :
INCOIS: Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services
CVI : Coastal Vulnerability Index.
ESSO.: Earth System Science Organisation
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