India begins cooperation with Bahrain-based Combined Maritime Forces

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India began cooperation with Bahrain-based Combined Maritime Forces (CMF) 


  • In April 2022, during the India-US 2+2 talks, India announced that it would join the CMF as an associate partner to strengthen cooperation in regional security in the western Indian Ocean.

  • In July 2022, India formally commenced cooperation with the Joint Maritime Force (CMF), a multilateral partnership based in Bahrain.

What are Combined Maritime Forces (CMF)?

  • The CMF is a multinational naval partnership to promote security, stability and prosperity in the approximately 3.2 million square miles of international waters, which include some of the world's most important shipping lanes.

  • The Group of 34 Nations is commanded by a Vice Admiral of the US Navy, who also serves as Commander US Naval Forces Centcom and US Fifth Fleet.

  • All three commands are co-located in US Naval Support Activity Bahrain. Pakistan is a full member of the CMF.

  • India is the 35th member of this group.

  • It consists of four task forces -

  1. CTF 150 (maritime security and counter-terrorism)

  2. CTF 151 (counter-piracy)

  3. CTF 152 (Arabian Gulf security and cooperation)

  4. CTF 153 (Maritime security in the Red Sea & Gulf of Aden

Significance of CMF

  • Curb illegal fishing

  • Counter-piracy

  • Counter-terrorism

  • Protection of trade routes

About Bahrain

  • Prime Minister - Salman ibn Hamad Al Khalifah

  • Capital - Manama

  • Official Language - Arabic

  • Official Religion - Islam

  • Currency - Bahraini Dinars 

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