Ceasefire between Palestine, Israel takes effect in Gaza

Tags: International News

A ceasefire between Israel and Palestinian militants went into effect on 8 August and was agreed to end nearly three days of violence that left dozens of Palestinians dead.

Important facts

  • In early 2022, tensions escalated between Palestinians and Israeli police at the Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem.

  • Israeli jets hit targets of Islamic Jihad leaders in Gaza.

  • In response, the Iranian-backed Palestinian Jihad terrorist group fired dozens of rockets at Israel.

  • According to an Israeli military statement, militants fired about 580 rockets towards Israel in Gaza.

UNSC meeting

  • The United Nations Security Council has scheduled an emergency meeting to end the violence.

  • China scheduled the session in response to a request from the United Arab Emirates.

  • China will preside over the UNSC for August 2022, representing Arab countries in the council.

What is the dispute between Israel and Palestine?

  • Under the United Nations Original Partition Plan of 1947, Jerusalem was proposed as an international city.

  • In the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, the Israelis captured half of the city of Jerusalem.

  • The eastern part of this city where Haram al-Sharif is located was captured by Jordan.

  • In 1967, the Six-Day War was followed by an armed conflict between Israel and a coalition of Arab states that mainly included Jordan, Syria and Egypt.

  • Israel annexed Jordan-controlled East Jerusalem in the 1967 Six-Day War.

  • Israel sees the entire city as its "unified, eternal capital".

  • Whereas Palestine does not want to accept any settlement for a future Palestinian state until East Jerusalem is recognized as its capital.

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