Ceasefire between Palestine, Israel takes effect in Gaza
Tags: International News
A ceasefire between Israel and Palestinian militants went into effect on 8 August and was agreed to end nearly three days of violence that left dozens of Palestinians dead.
In early 2022, tensions escalated between Palestinians and Israeli police at the Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem.
Israeli jets hit targets of Islamic Jihad leaders in Gaza.
In response, the Iranian-backed Palestinian Jihad terrorist group fired dozens of rockets at Israel.
According to an Israeli military statement, militants fired about 580 rockets towards Israel in Gaza.
The United Nations Security Council has scheduled an emergency meeting to end the violence.
China scheduled the session in response to a request from the United Arab Emirates.
China will preside over the UNSC for August 2022, representing Arab countries in the council.
What is the dispute between Israel and Palestine?
Under the United Nations Original Partition Plan of 1947, Jerusalem was proposed as an international city.
In the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, the Israelis captured half of the city of Jerusalem.
The eastern part of this city where Haram al-Sharif is located was captured by Jordan.
In 1967, the Six-Day War was followed by an armed conflict between Israel and a coalition of Arab states that mainly included Jordan, Syria and Egypt.
Israel annexed Jordan-controlled East Jerusalem in the 1967 Six-Day War.
Israel sees the entire city as its "unified, eternal capital".
Whereas Palestine does not want to accept any settlement for a future Palestinian state until East Jerusalem is recognized as its capital.
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