India-Pakistan 118th bilateral meeting on Indus Water Treaty
Tags: International Relations
A five-member delegation from Pakistan reached India via the Wagah border to attend the 118th bilateral meeting on the Indus Waters Treaty, in New Delhi on May 30.
India is building 10 hydroelectric plant projects to reduce excess water in Pakistan.
Both the countries will discuss the issue of advance flood information and the annual report of the Permanent Commission for Indus Waters (PCIW).
The 1,000 MW Pakal Dul, 48 MW lower Kalnai and 624 MW Kiru hydroelectric projects on west-flowing rivers being built by India under the Indus Water Treaty will also be discussed during the meeting.
What is the Indus Water Treaty?
It is a water-sharing treaty between India and Pakistan.
It was signed by Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and Pakistani President Ayub Khan in 1960.
As per the treaty all the waters of three rivers- Ravi,Sutlej and Beas ( Eastern Rivers) were allocated to India for exclusive use.
Whereas, the waters of the western rivers – Indus, Jhelum and Chenab – were allocated to Pakistan except for specified domestic, non-consumable and agricultural uses allowed for India.
India has been given the right to generate hydroelectricity through Run of the River (ROR) projects on the western rivers.
About Indus River System
The Indus River System is one of the largest river basins in the world.
It includes five rivers namely Indus River, Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas and Sutlej.
The basin is mainly shared by India and Pakistan, with China and Afghanistan sharing a small portion of it.
It flows in a north-west direction from its source (Glaciers of Kailash Range – in Tibet near Lake Manasarovar) till the Nanga Parbat Range.
length - about 2,900 km.
Originates - in spring at Verinag in the south-eastern part of the Kashmir Valley.
Originates - from near the BaraLacha Pass in the Lahaul-Spiti part of the Zaskar Range
Origin - in Kullu hills near the Rohtang Pass in Himachal Pradesh.
Originates - near Rohtang Pass, at a height of 4,062 m above sea level, on the southern end of the Pir Panjal Range
Originates - from the Manasarovar-Rakas Lakes in western Tibet.
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