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India, UAE sign MoU for climate action

Tags: International News

India and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on Climate Action on 26 May. 

  • It aims to establish a framework to facilitate bilateral cooperation on climate action and contribute towards the implementation of the Paris Agreement 2015.

  • The MoU was signed between Environment, Forest and Climate Change Minister Bhupender Yadav and UAE Climate Envoy and Minister of Industry and Advanced Technology Dr Sultan Al Jaber in New Delhi. 

  • In a bilateral meeting, both the leaders discussed issues related to climate change, hosting of COP 28 and other related matters.

  • Yadav stressed that issues of climate finance, adaptation, loss and damage require more attention on the way beyond COP26.

  • Paris Agreement 2015

  • It is an international agreement to combat climate change.

  • In December 2015, the governments of 195 countries gathered in Paris, France.

  • They discussed a possible new global agreement on climate change that aims to reduce global greenhouse gas emissions and tackle the dangerous climate change threat.

  • It came into force on 4 November 2016.

  • It is a legally binding international treaty on climate change that was adopted by 196 countries.

  • It comes under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). 

  • UNFCCC is a convention held in 1992 to combat climate change. 

  • The Kyoto Protocol (1997) was another major international agreement under UNFCCC.

  • The aims of Paris Agreement

  • To keep the global temperature rise this century below 2 degrees Celsius above the pre-industrial level.

  • Trying to limit the temperature rise to 1.5 °C.

  • Strengthening the capacity of countries to deal with the effects of climate change.

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