Indian Antarctic Bill 2022 listed for passing in Lok Sabha
Tags: National News
The Indian Antarctic Bill, 2022 has been listed for consideration and passed by the Lok Sabha.
About Indian Antarctic Bill 2022
The Indian Antarctic Bill, 2022 was introduced in the Lok Sabha on April 1, 2022.
The bill seeks to give effect to the Antarctic Treaty, the Convention on the Protection of Antarctic Marine Living Resources and the Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty.
It also seeks to protect the Antarctic environment and regulate activities in the region.
Need for legislation
India has been a signatory to the Antarctic Treaty since 1983 and it obliged India to specify a set of laws to govern the parts of the continent where India had research stations.
The treaty made it mandatory for 54 signatory countries to specify laws governing the areas on which their stations are located.
The exploitation of marine living resources and human presence in Antarctica also requires such legislation to protect the Antarctic environment and ocean.
It is the southernmost continent and the fifth largest continent on Earth.
Antarctica is uninhabited except for about 40 permanent stations set up by many countries including India for scientific research.
India has two research centres on the Antarctic continent - 'Maitri' and 'Bharati'.
India has completed 40 scientific expeditions here under the Antarctic program so far.
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