India's historic Santiniketan received World Heritage status by UNESCO

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Santiniketan, located in West Bengal, India, has achieved the prestigious status of being recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

An Overview of the News

  • This significant achievement was officially confirmed during the 45th World Heritage Committee meeting held in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, marking Santiniketan as the 41st World Heritage Property in India.

Historical Background:

  • Shantiniketan was founded as an ashram by Rabindranath Tagore in 1863.

  • In 1901, Rabindranath Tagore converted it into a school and art centre, following the traditional Gurukul system of education.

UNESCO Nomination:

  • Shantiniketan has been part of the UNESCO tentative list since 2010, reflecting its potential cultural and historical importance.

  • The official nomination document for UNESCO inscription was submitted to the World Heritage Center in January 2021.

Rabindranath Tagore's vision:

  • Shantiniketan is a symbol of the visionary work of Rabindranath Tagore.

  • Tagore's vision, known as 'Visva Bharati', aimed to promote global unity by incorporating elements of ancient, medieval and folk traditions.

About Rabindranath Tagore

  • He was an Indian poet, writer, playwright, musician, philosopher, social reformer and painter.

  • He reshaped Bengali literature, music and Indian art with contemporary modernism in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

  • Tagore won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1913, becoming the first non-European and the first lyricist to win the honour.

  • His notable works include "Gitanjali," "Ghare-Baire," "Bharto Bhagyo Bidhata," "Gora," "Jana Gana Mana," "Ravindra Sangeet," and "Amar Shonar Bangla."

  • He was often called the "Bard of Bengal" and was known by nicknames such as Gurudeb, Kobiguru and Biswokobi.


  • The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN).

  • It is also a member of the United Nations Sustainable Development Group (UN SDGs), a coalition of United Nations agencies and organizations that aims to meet the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

  • Headquarters:- Paris, France

  • Director General:- Audrey Azoulay

  • Founded:- 16 November 1945 in London, United Kingdom

  • The organization has:- 193 members and 11 associate members.

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