India's milk production registers monumental growth by 83 MT in last 8 years

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India's milk production registers monumental growth by 83 MT in last 8 years

India has registered a significant growth in milk production in the last eight years as milk production has increased by 83 million tonnes during this period.

Important facts

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi expressed happiness over the increase in milk production, and said that a vibrant dairy sector is also a great way to strengthen our "Nari Shakti".

Indian Dairy Sector

  • India ranks first in milk production and contributes 23% to global milk production.

  • The top 5 milk-producing states are: Uttar Pradesh (14.9%), Rajasthan (14.6%), Madhya Pradesh (8.6%), Gujarat (7.6%) and Andhra Pradesh (7.0%).

  • Dairy is the single largest agricultural commodity contributing 5% of the national economy, witnessing 6.4% in the past 5 years.

  • About 80 million people are directly or indirectly employed in the dairy industry.

Some important facts related to milk and milk products

  • India is the largest milk producer in the world accounting for 23 per cent of the global production. Next come the United States, China, Pakistan and Brazil.

  • Uttar Pradesh is the largest milk producing state in India and accounts for more than 15% of the total milk production in India.

  • The availability of milk in India is 406 grams per person per day.

  • Ordinary milk consists of 85 percent water and the remaining part consists of solid elements i.e. minerals and fats.

  • Milk is rich in protein, calcium and riboflavin (Vitamin B-2).

  • Milk also contains vitamins A, D, K and E, including phosphorus, magnesium, iodine, and many minerals and fats and energy.

  • The purity of milk is measured by a lactometer.

  • National Milk Research Institute is located in Karnal (Haryana).

  • An organic compound called lactose is found in milk.

  • Fresh milk has a pH of 6, when milk turns into curd, its pH becomes less than 6.

  • Lactobacillus bacteria help in curdling from milk.

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