INS Vela:


Why in news?

The fourth Scorpene Submarine 'INS Vela' of Project P-75 has been delivered to the Indian Navy. 

Key highlights:

  • INS Vela is known to have advanced stealth and combat capabilities.
  • The diesel-electric submarine was built under Project 75 by Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited in Mumbai.
  • The submarines in the Project-75 Scorpene Class are powered by diesel-electric propulsion systems.

Other Submarines under project 75:

  • The first submarine, INS Kalvari, was launched in October 2015 and was commissioned in December 2017 -
  • The second one, INS Khanderi, was launched in January 2017 for trials and commissioned in September 2019.
  • The third submarine, INS Karanj, was launched in January 2018 and commissioned on March 10, 2021.

Additional Information:

  • In October, The first ship of the four Project-15B state-of-the-art stealth guided missile destroyers, Visakhapatnam, being built at the Mazgaon Docks Limited (MDL), was delivered to the Navy.
  • It’s equipped with BrahMos supersonic cruise missiles and long-range Surface-to-Air missiles
  • The ship has several indigenous weapons systems like medium range SAMs, indigenous torpedo tube launchers, anti-submarine indigenous rocket launchers and 76-mm super rapid gun mount.

Key points:

  • Under the P-15B a total of four warships are planned (Visakhapatnam, Mormugao, Imphal, and Surat).
  • These ships are amongst the most technologically advanced Guided Missile Destroyers of the world, with state-of-the-art weapon/sensor package, advanced stealth features and a high degree of automation.
  • These ships feature enhanced stealth features over the earlier class through shaping of hull and use of radar transparent deck fittings which make them difficult to detect and also feature significant advances in automation and networking
  • These ships are propelled by four gas turbines in Combined Gas and Gas (COGAG) configuration and have maximum endurance of 4000 nm at economical speed of 14 knots,
  • The contract for construction of these four ships was signed in 2011.

Other Three Ships:

  • The fourth ship (Surat) is under block erection and will be launched within this current financial year (2022).
  • The third ship (Imphal) was launched in 2019, and is at an advanced stage of outfitting.
  • The second ship of P15B, Mormugao was launched in 2016, and is being readied for harbor trials.

BrahMos supersonic cruise missiles:

  • The BrahMos is a medium-range ramjet supersonic cruise missile that can be launched from submarine, ships, aircraft, or land.
  • It is the fastest supersonic cruise missile in the world.

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