National Legal Services Day 2021:
Why in the news?
The National Legal Services Day is observed on November 9 annually in India. The Legal Services Day is celebrated to commemorate the enactment of the Legal Services Authorities Act 1987.
Its objective is to spread awareness for ensuring reasonable fair and justice procedure for all citizens.
- The act came into force on November 9, 1995.
- The National Legal Services Day was commenced by the Supreme Court of India in 1995 to assist and provide help and support to the weaker sections of the society and commemorate the enactment of the Legal Services Authorities Act.
- The Day was established with offer support and help to a weaker and poor group which include women, Scheduled casts, disabled person, natural calamities victims as well as human trafficking victims.
Legal Services Act 1987:
- The Legal Services Authorities Act 1987 guarantees the fundamental rights to all the citizens of the country.
- The Legal Services Authorities Act 1987 is an Act of the Indian Parliament to enforce the provisions of Article 39 A of the Constitution guaranteeing the fundamental rights to all the citizens of the country.
What is the role of NALSA?
- The National Legal Services Authority (NALSA) has been constituted under the Legal Services Authorities Act, 1987 to provide free Legal Services to the weaker sections of the society.
Functioning of NALSA:
- NALSA lays down policies, principles, guidelines and frames effective and economical schemes for the State Legal Services Authorities to implement the Legal Services Programs throughout the country.
- To Provide Free and Competent Legal Services to the eligible persons;
- To organize Lok Adalats for amicable settlement of disputes and
III. To organize legal awareness camps in the rural areas
- Article 39A of the Constitution of India provides for free legal aid to the poor and weaker sections of the society and ensures justice for all.
Articles 14 and 22(1) of the Constitution also make it obligatory for the State to ensure equality before law and a legal system which promotes justice on the basis of equal opportunity to all.
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