ISRO gearing up for multiple missions in the year 2022

Tags: Science and Technology National News

One of the most anticipated launches of ISRO in 2022 is that of its first unmanned mission of Gaganyaan to Lower Earth Orbit(LEO). GSLV Mk III will be used for this mission.  Glavkosmos, which is a subsidiary of the Russian space corporation Roscosmos is supporting ISRO in this mission.

Other notable launches include-

  • Earth Observation Satellites EOS­4 and EOS­6 onboard the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV).
  • Earth Observation Satellite EOS­02 on board the maiden flight of the Small Satellite Launch Vehicle (SSLV)
  • Chandrayaan­ 03 - It will be India’s third planned lunar exploration mission. It will be a mission repeat of Chandrayaan-2 but will only include a lander and rover similar to that of Chandrayaan-2 but will not have an orbiter. GSLV Mk III will be used for this mission.

Aditya Ll - First Indian mission to study the Sun. It is a planned coronagraphy spacecraft to study the solar atmosphere. Aditya-L1 will be placed in a ‘libration orbit’, which is about 1.5 million km from Earth. It is about 1% of the distance between the Sun and the Earth, where the gravity of the two celestial objects equalizes. Placing it in such an orbit allows the spacecraft to circle along with the earth, thereby constantly facing the Sun.

  • XpoSat - The X-ray Polarimeter Satellite (XPoSat) is a planned space observatory to study the polarization of cosmic X-rays. It will be launched on a Small Satellite Launch Vehicle (SSLV). It will be a five-year mission, carrying a polarimeter instrument made by Raman Research Institute to measure cosmic radiation. The spacecraft will be placed in a circular 500-700km orbit
  • IRNSS - Indian regional navigation satellite system

Other notable future missions of ISRO are-

  • Venus mission
  • DISHA (Disturbed and quiet-type System at High Altitude) –twin aeronomy (uppermost layer of Earth’s atmosphere) satellite mission at an altitude of 450km.
  • TRISHNA (Thermal infraRed Imaging Satellite for High-resolution Natural resource Assessment), an ISRO­-CNES [Centre national d'études spatiales France] mission in 2024 for accurate mapping of land surface temperatures across the globe. It will be launched in sun-synchronous orbit at an altitude of 750km with a mission life of 5 years

Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO)

Headquarters - Bengaluru, Karnataka

Chairman - Kailasavadivoo Sivan

Nodal authority - Department of Space under Prime Minister of India

Main launchpad - Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh

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