Maternal Mortality Ratio declines to 103 in India

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According to the latest Sample Registration System (SRS) special bulletin on maternal mortality in India (2017-19), brought out by the office of the Registrar General of India,the Maternal Mortality Ratio(MMR) has declined to 103 per lakh live births.

  • It was 113 per lakh live births, according to the special bulletin on maternal mortality(2016-18) in India.

  • The lowest MMR was in Kerala 30 per lakh live births and the highest  MMR was in Assam,205 per lakh live births.

  • The MMR for Uttar Pradesh was 167, Bihar 130,Madhya Pradesh 163,Chhhatisgarh 163,Odisha 136, Rajasthan 141,Uttrakhand 101.

  • The target of the government of India under the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) is 70 MMR per lakh live births by 2030.

  • The number of states which have achieved the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) target has now risen from 5 to 7 . These states are  Kerala (30), Maharashtra (38), Telangana (56), Tamil Nadu (58), Andhra Pradesh (58), Jharkhand (61), and Gujarat (70).The states which have  recently achieved this target are Jharkhand and Gujarat.

  • The target of 100 MMR per lakh live birth under the National Health Policy by 2020 is likely to be achieved by the country .

  • The number of states which have achieved the National Health Policy target are Kerala, Maharashtra, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh ,Jharkhand ,Gujarat Karnataka (83) and Haryana (96).

  • Four states West Bengal, Haryana, Uttarakhand and Chhattisgarh have shown an increase in MMR. Haryana MMR increased from 91 in 2016-18 to 96 in 2017-19.  Similarly in West Bengal it increased from 98 to 109,in Uttarakhand the MMR increased from 99 to 101 and in Chhattisgarh it increased from  159 to 160.

States in India have been divided into three groups for better monitoring of MMR situation in India .

  • Empowered Action Group  (EAG) States comprising Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh & Uttarakhand and Assam. These states have high MMR.

  • Southern States which include Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu; and

  • “Other” States covering the remaining States/UTs(Union Territories).

Concept Clearing 

Maternal Mortality Ratio(MMR)

 It refers to the death of the mother while delivering a child . It does not include children which are born dead and includes only children which are born alive. 

It is a statistical tool which refers to the proportion of maternal deaths per 1,00,000 live births. 

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