Mount Semeru erupted in Indonesia

Tags: International News

  • Mt Semeru (3676 m above sea level) is the biggest mountain on the island of Java.
  • Semeru is one of the most active volcanoes in Indonesia
  • The volcano is part of a chain of volcanic mountains stretching from northern Sumatra to the Lesser Sunda Islands. 
  • Volcanism in Indonesia is mainly associated with the offshore subduction of the Australian Plate beneath the Sunda Plate. 
  • The oldest record of an eruption of Mt Semeru was from 1818
  • Indonesia has more  active volcanoes than any other country in the world.. Indonesia is one of many places located within the world's most volcanically, and seismically, active zone, known as the Pacific Ring of Fire.
  • The Only active volcano in India is found at Barren Island in the Andaman and Nicobar islands.


A volcano is an opening in the earth’s crust through which gases, molten rocks materials (lava), ash, steam etc. are emitted outward in the course of an eruption. Such vents or openings occur in those parts of the earth’s crust where the rock strata are relatively weak. Volcanic activity is an example of an endogenic process. 

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