Anemia in Children: leading to child growth failure

Tags: National News

According to the 5th report of the National Family Health Survey (NFHS) of 2019-2021, a higher proportion of children aged 6 to 59 months have been found to be anaemic compared to NFHS-4 (2015-2016).


  • The share of anaemic children in NFHS-5 (2019-21) increased by 8.5% points compared to NFHS-4 (2015-16) and was closer to levels of NFHS-3 (2005-2006).
  • In 30 out of 36 states/UT’s one half the children in age group 6-59 months are found to be anaemic.
  • The high share of children were found anaemic in the several north and western states in rural and urban areas.
  • Assam, Mizoram and Chattisgarh recorded the highest increases.
  • Gujarat had the highest share of children (79.7%) who were anaemic.

State-wise percentage of children aged 6-59 months who were anaemic according to NFHS-5

Ladakh - 92.5%

Madhya Pradesh - 72.7%

Rajasthan - 71.5%

Uttar Pradesh - 66.4%

Gujarat - 79.7%

Bihar - 69.4%

Kerala - 39.4%

Tamil Nadu 57.4%


Anaemia results from a lack of red blood cells or dysfunctional red blood cells in the body. This leads to reduced oxygen flow to the body's organs.

Symptoms may include fatigue, skin pallor, shortness of breath, light-headedness, dizziness or a fast heartbeat.

National Family Health Survey

National Family Health Survey (NFHS) is a country-wide survey conducted by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, with the International Institute for Population Sciences serving as the nodal agency.

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