World Oceans Day

Tags: Important Days

World Oceans Day is celebrated every year on 8 June to raise global awareness about the important role of oceans in human life and the efforts required to conserve them.

  • Purpose of the day

  • The main purpose of celebrating this day is to shed light on topics such as biodiversity, food security, ecological balance, climate change, indiscriminate use of marine resources, and to create awareness in the world about the challenges posed by the oceans.

  • Theme of World Oceans Day 2022

  • The theme for this year's World Ocean Day is "Revitalization: Collective Action for the Ocean".

  • History of the day

  • It was decided to celebrate World Oceans Day every year at a forum named 'Planet Earth' held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992.

  • Its concept was proposed at the Earth Summit by Canada's International Centre for Ocean Development and the Ocean Institute of Canada.

  • On 5 December 2008, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution to designate this day.

  • Some important facts about ocean 

  • There are a total of five oceans on Earth. The Pacific Ocean (Pacific Ocean), Atlantic Ocean (Atlantic Ocean), Indian Ocean (Indian Ocean), Arctic Ocean (Arctic Ocean) and Antarctic Ocean or Southern Ocean (Antarctic Ocean).

  • The Pacific is the largest and deepest ocean. Its depth on the Mariana Trench is 11,033 metres i.e. about 11 kilometres.

  • The Arctic Ocean is the smallest and shallowest ocean.

  • The water of the Atlantic Ocean is the saltiest. Its water has a salinity of 3.7 percent.

  • The world's saltiest sea (Red Sea) and warmest ocean (Persian Gulf) are located in the Indian Ocean.

  • The Arctic Ocean is the ocean with the least salt.

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