Africa adopt PEN-PLUS strategy against non-communicable diseases
Tags: International News
Recently Africa has adopted a new strategy called the Pen-Plus strategy to promote access to diagnosis, treatment and care of serious non-communicable diseases (NCDs).
Pen-plus strategy :
It is a regional strategy to address serious non-communicable diseases in first-level referral health facilities.
The strategy aims to bridge the gap in access to care for patients with chronic and severe NCDs.
It urges countries to establish standardised programs to combat chronic and serious non-communicable diseases to ensure that essential medicines, technologies and diagnostics are available and accessible in district hospitals.
IMPORTANT FACTS -
Non-Communicable Diseases :
Non-communicable diseases are medical conditions or diseases that are not spread by infectious agents.
Non-communicable diseases are also known as chronic diseases because they are long-lasting and result from a combination of genetic, physiological, environmental and behavioural factors.
NCDs include heart disease, cancer, diabetes, asthma etc.
According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), these cause 71% of deaths globally.
The proportion of mortality due to NCDs in the African region ranges between 27-88%.
Status of Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) in India :
About 58 million people in India die from NCDs every year (WHO report, 2015) or in other words 1 in 4 Indians are at risk of dying from NCDs before they reach the age of 70.
Further it has been found that the duration of 'Disability-adjusted Life Years' (DALYs) due to NCDs has increased by 30% in the year 1990 to 55% in the year 2016 and the proportion of deaths due to it has also increased .
NCDs (for all types of deaths) increased from 37% in 1990 to 61% in 2016.
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