Approval of MoU between India and Nepal in the field of Biodiversity Conservation

Tags: National National News

The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister has approved the proposal of the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change to sign a Memorandum of Understanding on Biodiversity Conservation with the Government of Nepal.

Objective of the MoU :

  • The objective of the MoU is to promote cooperation between the two countries in the field of forests, wildlife, environment, and climate change.

  • To increase and strengthen cooperation and coordination in the field of climate change.


  • India is one of the 17 mega-diverse countries in the world and is taking several steps to conserve wildlife population and biodiversity.
  • It will help in restoration of corridors and interlinking areas and sharing of knowledge and best practices.

  • The Government of India has adopted several laws, policy initiatives for the conservation of vast flora and fauna in the country and across the borders of neighboring countries.

Biodiversity Hotspots in India :

  • The Himalayas - entire Himalayan region covering India, Nepal, Bhutan, Tibet, Pakistan, Myanmar

  • Indo-Burma Region - entire North East Region (excluding Assam), it also covers the region of Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, South of China.

  • The Western Ghats -  entire region of Western Ghats

  • Sundaland - Nicobar group of islands in India and also covers the other Southeast Asian Countries like Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei, Philippines.

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