Former Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev dies at the age of 91

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Former Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev died on 30 August at the age of 91.


  • In June, he was taken to the hospital after suffering from a serious kidney ailment.
  • He played an important role in ending the Cold War.

About Mikhail Gorbachev :

  • He was born in 1931 in southern Russia.

  • Gorbachev was the last leader of the former Soviet Union from 1985 until 1991, he pushed for stronger Soviet-India ties. 

  • During his tenure, he visited India twice in 1986 and 1988.

  • He became general secretary of the Soviet Communist Party in 1985.

  • He wanted to reform the communist regime on the lines of democratic principles by giving freedom to the citizens.

  • Gorbachev's policies helped to open up the Soviet economy and liberalize society in the late 1980s.

  • He played a major role in the withdrawal of Soviet troops from a nearly decade-long military operation in Afghanistan.

  • He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1990 "for his role in the radical change in East-West relations".

Cold War :

  • The Cold War was an ongoing political rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union and its allies that developed after World War II.

  • This enmity between the two superpowers was first named the Cold War by George Orwell in an article published in 1945.

  • Its period is considered to be between 1945 to 1991.

  • The term "cold" is used because there was no direct large-scale war between the two sides.

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