Biden invites Taiwan to its online Summit on Democracy


China has reacted sharply to the U.S president Biden inviting Taiwan for its first ever “Summit for Democracy” scheduled to  take place online  December 9 and 10 ,2021.

It is being organised by the State Department of the United States government .  Foreign ministry in United States is called as State Department 

U.S. President Joe Biden has invited Taiwan, along with more than 100 countries, for a virtual summit.


  • The summit is part of Biden's foreign policy agenda, which includes efforts to reassert the United States as a leader on the global stage 
  • The U.S has not invited its chief rival countries, China and Russia who are not considered as a democracy .
  • Even though the US does not recognise Taiwan as an independent country, it invited Taiwan. The US takes up Taiwan as a model democracy.

Why is China opposed to this and One China Policy

  • The Chinese government  believes the invitation to Taiwan is against the “One China Policy” agreed upon by the U.S 
  • Formosa or now called Taiwan was founded by the  Kuomintang led government of the Republic of China in 1949 after it lost the Chinese civil war with the Communist party led by Mao. The Chinese Communist party captured mainland China and  formed the People's Republic of China in 1949.
  • Both Taiwan and Communist China claim to be the real China .
  • The ‘One China’ policy is a requirement for any nation to establish diplomatic relations with the People’s Republic of China.It asks that Beijing be recognised as the sole legal government of China and that Taiwan is a part of Chinese territory.
  • Almost all countries in the world accept that Taiwan is a province of China but many countries including the US don't say whether it recognizes the claim of Communist  China.
  • China opposes any move which it thinks gives prominence to Taiwan on the international stage. 

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