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Droupadi Murmu elected as the 15th President of India

Tags: Person in news National News

Draupadi Murmu has been elected as the 15th President of India, becoming the first tribal woman to hold the top constitutional post in the world's largest democracy.

Important facts

  • She will take oath as the 15th President of India on July 25, after the term of her predecessor Ram Nath Kovind ends on July 24.

  • Murmu, 64, is the first tribal community woman to become president and the second woman after Pratibha Patil to be appointed to the country's top constitutional post.

  • She is the youngest President of India as well.

  • Ms Murmu got 64 per cent of the vote and opposition candidate Yashwant Sinha got 36 per cent of the vote.

  • She got 6,76,803 votes in comparison to his rival Yashwant Sinha's 3,80,177 votes.

Who is Droupadi Murmu?

Early life

  • She was born in 1958 in Pahardpur village of Mayurbhanj district of Odisha.

  • She was born in the Santhal community.

  • She was educated at Unit II High School and Rama Devi College (now University) in Bhubaneswar.

  • She served as a Junior Assistant in the State Irrigation and Power Department from 1979 to 1983.

  • Then she worked as a teacher at Sri Aurobindo Integral Education Centre at Rairangpur till 1997.

Political Life

  • In 1997, she was elected to Rairangpur Corporation and became the Vice-Chairman of the civic body.

  • In the year 2000, Ms. Murmu won her first assembly election.

  • She first time became Minister for Transport and Commerce and then for Fisheries and Animal Husbandry.

  • In 2015, Ms Murmu was appointed as the Governor of Jharkhand.

  • When there was a BJP government in Jharkhand, the Raghubar Das-led government brought in two Bills to amend the Chota Nagpur Tenancy Act, 1908, and the Santhal Pargana Tenancy Act, 1949.

  • These amendments, allowing the transition of land use from agricultural to commercial purposes in tribal areas, created a major ruckus among tribal groups and civil society.

  • These Acts were brought for land rights for tribal communities and rights over natural resources.

  • When the government changed in Jharkhand in 2019, Soren and Ms. Murmu formed a good working relationship.

About Santhal community

  • The Santhal community is one of the most politically active and prominent tribal communities.

  • The Santhals are among the major tribes including the Gonds, Mundas, Hos, Oraons, Bhils, Meenas, Khonds and Nagas, who also dominate the tribal landscape in the country.

  • In the Santhal Rebellion of 1857, under the leadership of the Kanhu Murmu brothers, the Santhals were at the forefront of providing leadership to the Jharkhand movement against colonial rule.

  • Notable among the Santhals in political life is Shibu Soren, father of the current Chief Minister of Jharkhand Hemant Soren.

  • Kindly see 23 June 2022 post also

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