First case of Polio in Africa
Tags: International News
The African country of Malawi has declared a wild polio outbreak after a case was identified in a three-year-old girl. This is the first case of wild polio in Africa for more than five years.
The continent was declared free of all forms of wild polio in 2020. For a country to be certified polio-free, it must have had no wild polio cases for three consecutive years.
Only two countries in the world have wild polio strains, Pakistan and Afghanistan.
The strain detected in Malawi is linked to the one found in Pakistan.
There will be no change in the status of Africa as a polio free continent because this was an imported case where the virus was brought from Pakistan.
Know about Polio:
Polio is a highly transmissible virus most often spread via the stool of an infected person, usually through contaminated water or food. It can also be spread via oral or nasal secretions.
The virus mainly affects children under five years of age.
There is no cure for the symptoms of polio.
There are two types of Polio Vaccines, IPV and OPV
- IPV or Inactivated Polio Vaccine
The first inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) was developed by American scientist Jonas Salk using a dead virus in 1953.
- OPV or Oral Polio Vaccine
It was developed by Polish American scientist Albert Sabin. He used a weakened live polio virus to produce a vaccine.
It is a landlocked country in South East Africa . It was earlier called Nyasaland.
Currency :Malawian kwacha
- President: Lazarus Chakwera
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