GST (Goods and Services Tax) Day
To commemorate the anniversary of the implementation of the historic tax reform of the Goods and Services Tax, 1 July is observed as GST (Goods and Services Tax) Day.
The first GST Day was celebrated on 1st July 2018 to mark the first anniversary of the new indirect tax regime i.e. Goods and Services Tax (GST).
GST was implemented on the intervening night of 30 June and 1 July 2017 in a function held in the Central Hall of Parliament.
On 29 March 2017, the Goods and Services Tax Act was passed in the Parliament and the Act came into force on 1 July 2017.
GST was enacted as the 101st Constitutional Amendment Act, 2016.
What is GST?
GST is an indirect tax which has been implemented with the aim of making India a unified common market.
It is a single tax levied on the supply of goods and services from the producer to the consumer.
Under GST, on the one hand indirect taxes like Central Excise Duty, Additional Excise Duty, Service Tax, Countervailing Duty are included at the Central level.
On the other hand, state-levied value addition tax, entertainment tax, octroi and entry tax, luxury tax, etc. are also included.
It was introduced with the slogan 'One Nation One Tax'.
Tax Structure under GST
Central GST (CGST) to cover excise duty, service tax etc.
State GST (SGST) to cover VAT, luxury tax etc.
Integrated GST (IGST) to cover inter-state trade.
IGST itself is not a tax but a tax system to coordinate state and union taxes.
It has a 4-tier tax structure of 5%, 12%, 18% and 28% for all goods and services under the slab.
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