ICJ ask Russia to stop military operation in Ukraine

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The top United Nation court , International Court of Justice(ICJ), has asked Russia to immediately stop its military operations in Ukraine. In a 13-2 judgement pronounced on 16 March 2022 the court ordered the”Russian Federation to  immediately suspend the military operations that it commenced on Feb 24, 2022 on the territory of Ukraine.”

  • The court also ordered that  Russia must also ensure that other forces under its control or supported by Moscow should not continue the military operation.

  • Ukraine filed its case at the ICJ shortly after Russia's invasion began on Feb. 24, saying that Moscow's stated justification, that it was acting to prevent a genocide in eastern Ukraine, was unfounded.

  • During hearings earlier this month, Ukraine said there was no threat of genocide in eastern Ukraine, and that the U.N.'s 1948 Genocide Convention, which both countries have signed, does not allow an invasion to prevent one.

  • Although the rulings of the International Court of Justice (ICJ) are binding, it has no direct means of enforcing them, and in rare cases in the past countries have ignored them.

  • Russia never participated in the ICJ hearing on the Ukraine case and it has rejected the ICJ ruling.

International Court of Justice(ICJ)

  •  The International Court of Justice is successor to the Permanent Court of Justice set up in 1920 by the League of Nations.

  • After the Second World war, it was replaced by the International Court of Justice in 1945. The United Nation replaced the League of Nation in 1945.

  • ICJ is one of the six principal organs of the United Nation and is  also called the World Court.

  • It  hears cases relating to disputes between the member states of the United Nations according to International law.

  • Headquarters of the ICJ : The Hague, Netherlands 

  • ICJ is composed of 15 Judges elected by the UN for a term of Nine Years .

Four Indian has so far been elected as the Judge of the ICJ 

  • B.N RAU, in 1952 -53

  • NAGENDRA SINGH ( He was the  President of the  ICJ from 1985-1988). He was the first Indian judge to have been elected for a 9 years term 

  • R.S.Pathak (1989-91)

  • DALVEER BHANDARI (2012- till date)

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