India Discrimination Report 2022

Tags: National National News

Oxfam India recently released the 'India Discrimination Report 2022'. The report highlights that women and marginalized communities face discrimination in the job market.


Key Highlights of the report :

Labour force participation rate (LFPR) :-

  • The labor force participation rate (LFPR) of women in India was just 25 per cent in 2021.

  • It is considerably lower than Brazil, Russia, China and South Africa. 

  • Low participation was mainly due to gender discrimination in wages and opportunities.

Wage Gap :-

  • Self-employed urban men earn 2.5 times more than their female counterparts.

  • 83 percent of this pay gap is attributable to gender-based discrimination.

  • In rural areas, the income gap between men and women is 93 percent due to gender discrimination.

Discrimination with Educational Qualification :-

  • The employment status of women does not depend on their educational qualifications.

Social Norms :-

  • A large section of qualified women is not available in the labor market due to family responsibilities.

  • Women from well-educated and economically well-off households often withdraw from the labor force due to socio-cultural reasons.

  • Women do not enter the labor market due to insecurities during travel and the need to go to office on time and due to family reasons.

Lack of salaried jobs :-

  • 60 percent of urban men are engaged in salaried jobs or are self-employed, while among women this figure has come down to just 19 percent.

Status in SC, ST communities :-

  • SC and ST women start working at an early age without any formal education due to poor socio-economic conditions.

  • This means that more than educational qualification or age, social factors are the determinant factor for rural women to opt out or stay away from work.

  • Individuals belonging to SC and ST communities earn Rs 5,000 less than the national average.

Oxfam India :-

  • It is a organisation of people working to end discrimination and create a free and just society.

  • It is a part of the Oxfam Global Confederation in which 21 countries are working together as partners to build a better world.

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