India's Aditya-L1 Solar Observatory Mission Launched Successfully
Tags: Science and Technology
On 2 September 2023, India's first solar observatory mission, Aditya-L1, was successfully launched from the Sriharikota Space Centre.
An Overview of the News
The mission took off at sharp 11:50 a.m., setting off on a 125-day journey to study the Sun.
The PSLV C57, an XL version with extended strap-on motors and higher fuel capacity, was used for this mission.
All flight parameters were normal, ensuring a safe start of the mission.
Aditya L1 will reach the Lagrange 1 point in four months, where unique gravitational forces are at work.
Objectives and scope of Aditya L1 mission
The primary objective of the Aditya L1 mission is to conduct comprehensive studies of the solar winds and the Sun's atmosphere.
The satellite carries seven different payloads whose task is to observe different layers of the Sun, including the photosphere, chromosphere and the outermost corona.
The mission aims to increase our understanding of many solar phenomena, such as coronal heating, coronal mass ejections (CMEs), pre-flare and flare activities, as well as solar weather dynamics.
Additionally, the mission will contribute to the investigation of particle and field propagation within the interplanetary medium.
Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO):
It was established on 15 August 1969.
It is the national space agency of India. It launches its space rocket from the Satish Dhawan Space Center in Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh.
Headquarters - Bengaluru
Chairman - S Somnath
Since 1999, India has successfully launched 431 foreign satellites from 36 different countries using its indigenous rockets.
Most of these satellite launches were done using the PSLV (Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle) rocket.
Notably, the PSLV rocket achieved a remarkable feat by deploying 104 satellites into orbit in a single flight.
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