Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation released the 'Youth in India 2022' report

Tags: National News

Recently the Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation (MoSPI) has released the 'Youth in India 2022' report.

Key highlights of the report 

  • According to the Youth in India 2022 report, by 2036, the number of youth will decrease by 25 million. At present the population of youth in the country is 37.14 crores.

  • It will come down to 34.55 crore in 2036.

  • These days 10.1% are elderly in the country, which will increase to 14.9% by 2036.

  • The continuing decline in fertility has led to an increase in the working age population (between 25 and 64 years).

Status of states

  • States such as Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Himachal Pradesh are projected to have a higher elderly population than youth by the year 2036.

  • Bihar and Uttar Pradesh have experienced an increase in the proportion of youth population to total population by the year 2021 and then it is likely to decline.

  • Together with Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan, these two states account for more than half (52%) of the country's youth.

Due to declining youth population

  • Fertility Rate- Fertility rate has been declining since few years. Fertility rate is the average number of children a woman gives birth to.

  • The fertility rate was 2.4 in 2011, which will come down to 2.1 by 2019.

  • Crude Death Rate- Now the death rate is decreasing in India. Crude death rate means how many deaths are taking place for every one thousand people.

  • In 2019, the crude death rate was 6.0, while in 2011 it was 7.1.

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