New Isopod Species Discovered in Kollam Named after ISRO

Tags: Science and Technology

Scientists have identified a new species of deep-sea isopod, Brucethoa Isro, in the deep sea off the Kerala coast, which has been named after the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO).

An Overview of the News

  • This small crustacean, belonging to the genus Brucethoa, thrives on eating fish and was specifically located within the gill cavity of the spinyjaw greeneye.

  • Notably, it is the second documented species within its genus found in India and has been named Brucethoa Isro to honor ISRO's significant space explorations.

Features of Brucethoa Isro:

  • Females of this species are generally larger than males, measuring 19 mm in length and 6 mm in width, about half the size of the males.

About Isopods:

  • Isopods make up a fascinating group of invertebrates within the crustacean family, which includes well-known marine creatures like crabs and shrimp.

  • They display remarkable adaptability to diverse habitats ranging from arid deserts to deep sea trenches, demonstrating their global distribution and ecological importance.

General characteristics of Isopods:

  • Isopods share common traits despite their diverse forms, including two pairs of antennae, compound eyes, and four sets of jaws.

  • Their body is divided into seven parts, each with a pair of walking legs, a short abdominal segment consisting of six fused segments called "plions".

Habitat and Behavior of Isopods:

  • Many Isopods live in marine environments, others are found in coastal and shelf waters, where they navigate on the sea floor or live among aquatic vegetation.

  • While most isopods are free-living, some marine species exhibit parasitic behavior, relying on other animals for sustenance.

About Kollam:

  • Located in Kerala, Kollam has the famous Ashtamudi Lake, which offers beautiful boating opportunities for tourists.

  • The city's principal waterway, the Kollam Canal, connects it to the country's extensive water transport network, while several islands lie on the picturesque lake.

  • Kollam has tranquil beaches and lush forests, making it a hub for eco-tourism projects like Shenduruni, Thenmala, and Palaruvi.

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