President Droupadi Murmu address her maiden joint session of Parliament

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President Droupadi Murmu address her maiden joint session of Parliament

Focusing on ‘Aatmanirbhar Bharat’, President Droupadi Murmu addressed her maiden joint session (Lok Sabha and Rajay Sabha) of Parliament on 31st January.

An overview of the news

  • President Murmu said, India has entered the Amrit Kaal by completing 75 years of its independence.

  • Amrit Kaal is the period of 100 years of independence and the making of a developed India. These 25 years is a period for all citizens to focus on their duty.

  • She said that the government is trying to get rid of every sign of slavery, an example of which is the renaming of Rajpath to Kartavya Path.

  • She said that the 'Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao' campaign has been successful, due to which the number of women in India is more than men for the first time.

  • The government's priority is the 11 crore small farmers who were deprived of government benefits for decades.

  • Earlier there was a long wait for the tax refund, but today the refund is received within a few days of filing the income tax return.

  • Indian Railways is fast moving towards becoming the largest electric railway network in the world.

  • India is trying to find collective solutions to global challenges along with the G20 member countries.

Parliamentary Sessions

In general, the parliamentary sessions are of three types:

  1. Budget Session 

  • It is the longest Session, starts at the end of January and concludes by the end of April or the first week of May. 

  • The session has a recess so that Parliamentary Committees can discuss the budgetary proposals.

  • This session begins every year with the President's address to both the Houses.

  1. Monsoon Session

  • Monsoon session is held every year from July to September. It begins after a gap of two months from the budget session.

  • Matters of public interest are discussed in this session.

  1. Winter Session

  • This session is held every year from mid-November to mid-December. This is the shortest session.

  • It takes up those matters which could not be considered earlier.

Joint Sitting of Parliament

  • The Constitution of India provides for a joint sitting of both the Houses of Parliament to resolve a deadlock between the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha.

  • The joint sitting of the Parliament is called by the President of the country.

  • The speaker presides over the joint sitting. In the absence of the Speaker, the Deputy Speaker of the Lok Sabha presides over it.

  • If none of the above is present, any other member of Parliament may preside with the consensus of both the Houses.

  • Article 108 of the Indian Constitution provides for a joint sitting of both the Houses of Parliament.

  • According to the provision given in Article 87 of the Constitution, the President addresses both the Houses of the Parliament twice under the legislative powers-

1. After each new election

2. Every year on the first session of the Parliament

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