Waste of health portal:


Why in the news?

The govt. launched a web portal on the occasion of the Gandhi Jayanti. It has brought together technology providers, Govt. stakeholders and urban local bodies to find the country’s waste problems. 


  • To identify and support the development of new technologies that can help create a cleaner and greener environment
  • To boost and augment the Swachh Bharat Mission and Smart Cities Project by leveraging science, technology and innovation
  • To create circular economic models that are financially viable for waste management
  • To create circular economic models that are financially viable for waste management
  • Collecting plastic waste is also the main object.

Additional information:

Wetland of India portal:

The union environment minister Mr. Bhupendra Yadav launched a portal” Wetland of India” on 2 October. 

  • It will act as a single point of access to all the information relating to the wetlands.
  • On the portal, each State and UT has a dashboard, through which it can access information of wetlands in their administration. Soon, the portal will host additional features.


  • Wetlands are vital not only for the ecosystems but our climate, providing essential services such as water regulation, flood control, and water purification.
  • Wetlands are also capable of absorbing carbon dioxide.
  • Wetlands are called “Kidneys of the Earth”.

Additional Information:

    • There are a total of 46 Ramsar Sites now in India.
    • Recently 4 new wetland sites have been added to the list of wetlands.
    •  The two from Haryana are Bhindawas WildLife Sanctuary and Sultanpur National Park.
    •  The other two are from Gujarat namely Thol Lake WildLife Sanctuary and Wadhvana Wetland.


  • Ramsar Convention or the Convention of Wetlands was established in 1971 and came into force in 1975.


  •  India signed the Ramsar Convention on 1 February 1982.
  • The first World Wetlands Day was celebrated on 2 February 1997.
  •  Chilika Lake is the largest Ramsar Site of India.
  •  Chilika Lake (Orissa) and Keoladeo National Park (Rajasthan) were recognized as the first Ramsar Sites of India. 
  •  Uttar Pradesh has the largest number of Ramsar Sites in India with 8 Indian Wetlands. 

 Renuka Wetland in Himachal Pradesh is the smallest wetland of India.

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