World Elephant Day

Tags: Important Days

World Elephant Day is celebrated every year on 12 August to raise awareness about the conservation of elephants around the world.

Important facts 

  • Poaching is the first threat facing elephants.

  • Habitat loss, human-elephant conflict, abuse by humans and other issues are some of the issues that affect elephants.

  • World Elephant Day is also celebrated to draw people's attention to these issues and to tell them the importance of protecting this humble animal.

  • Theme of 2022 - Bringing the World Together to help Elephants  


  • World Elephant Day was first celebrated on 12 August 2012.

  • It was due to the efforts of Canadian filmmaker Patricia Sims and the Elephant Breeding Foundation of Thailand that August 12 was celebrated as World Elephant Day.

  • World Elephant Day aims to spread awareness about the plight of Asian and African elephants.

Some facts about elephant

  • Elephants are the largest land mammals found on Earth.

  • The African savanna (bush) elephant is the largest land animal on our planet.

  • It has 3 species - African savanna (bush), African forest and Asian.

  • Elephants are pachyderms, which means they have thick skin, with some areas covering about 2.5 cm of skin.

  • It is found throughout Southeast Asia, including the forested regions of India, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia and Laos.

  • India has the largest number of Asian elephants.

  • There are about 28,000 elephants in India, of which about 25% are in Karnataka.

  • Elephants are protected under Schedule I of the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.

Initiatives for conservation of Elephants

  • Project Elephant

  • Elephant corridors and reserve

  • Gaj Yatra Nationwide campaign

  • Monitoring the Illegal Killing of Elephants (MIKE) programme

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