Bird Flu confirmed in Ducks

Tags: State News

The Alappuzha district was put on alert, after an outbreak of bird flu was confirmed at Kunnumma South (ward 10) in Thakazhy grama panchayat.


  • The Animal Husbandry Department (AHD) sent samples of dead birds to the National Institute of High-Security Animal Disease (NIHSAD), Bhopal for analyses, which tested positive for avian influenza.
  • The presence of H5N1 subtype of the Influenza A virus was reported in ducks.
  • Between 8,000 and 10,000 ducks were culled within a 1-km radius of the hotspot.
  • Earlier this year, avian flu caused by the H5N8 strain of the Influenza A virus was detected from six places in Kuttanad at Nedumudi, Thakazhy, Pallippad, Karuvatta, and Kainakary in Alappuzha district and Neendoor in Kottayam district.

Bird Flu

Avian influenza (AI) is caused by an influenza type A virus that can infect poultry such as chickens, turkeys, pheasants, quail, domestic ducks, geese, and guinea fowl

Avian influenza (AI) viruses are classified by a combination of two groups of proteins: hemagglutinin or “H” proteins, and neuraminidase or “N” proteins

In rare cases, it can affect humans. There are lots of different strains of bird flu virus. Most of them don't infect humans.

National Institute of High-Security Animal Diseases (NIHSAD)-ICAR

The National Institute of High Security Animal Diseases (NIHSAD) of Indian Council of Agricultural Research is a premier institute of India for research on exotic and emerging pathogens of animals. 

  • NIHSAD came into existence on 8th Aug., 2014 as an independent institute under ICAR from its original status as High Security Animal Disease Laboratory (HSADL), a regional station of Indian Veterinary Research Institute (IVRI), Izatnagar.
  • Director: Dr. V.P. Singh
  • Headquarters: Bhopal

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