In 2020, Ladakh recorded highest sex ratio in the country, Manipur lowest

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According to the annual report on Vital Statistics based on 2020 Civil Registration System report the Union Territory of Ladakh recorded the highest sex ratio at birth in the country in 2020, followed by Arunachal Pradesh, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Tripura and Kerala.

  • Highest Sex Ratio at Birth (SRB) state are -

  1. Ladakh (1104)

  2. Arunachal Pradesh (1011)

  3. A&N Islands (984)

  4. Tripura (974)

  5. Kerala (969)

  • Lowest Sex Ratio at Birth (SRB) state are -

  1. Manipur (880)

  2. Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu (898)

  3. Gujarat (909)

  4. Haryana (916)

  5. Madhya Pradesh (921)

  • In 2019, the highest sex ratio at birth was reported by Arunachal Pradesh (1024), followed by Nagaland (1001), Mizoram (975) and A&N Islands (965).

  • The lowest sex ratio was reported in 2019 - Gujarat (901), Assam (903), Madhya Pradesh (905) and Jammu & Kashmir (909).

  • No data from 4 States

  • As per the report the requisite information from Maharashtra, Sikkim, Uttar Pradesh and Delhi on sex ratio at birth was “not available.”

  • None of the States or Union Territories have recorded sex ratio at birth below 880.

  • Infant deaths

  • The report noted that 1,43,379 infant deaths were registered in 2020 and the share of rural area was only 23.4%, while that of urban area was 76.6% in total registered infant deaths. 

  • Non-registration of infant deaths in rural areas is a cause of concern.

  • It is compulsory to report births and deaths to the Registrar of Births and Deaths under the Registration of Births and Deaths Act, 1969.

  • What is Sex ratio at birth?

  • Sex ratio at birth is number of females per thousand males.

  • “The Sex Ratio (Number of females per thousand males) at birth of registered events is an important indicator to map the sex differential of the population at the beginning of their life.

  • The sex ratio at birth has been calculated after deducting the delayed registration of more than one year for the year 2020.

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