Tamil Nadu Governor RN Ravi has sent a bill to the Union Home Ministry to abolish the NEET exam in the state. The Bill will be sent to Rashtrapati Bhavan by the Ministry of Home Affairs for the assent of the President.
However, even before this, a bill was passed in the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly to free the state from the NEET examination.But it was returned by the Governor.
The state of Tamil Nadu is witnessing a tussle between the elected government and the state governor over the question of approving the National Eligibility-cum-Entrance Test (NEET) Bill passed by the state assembly.
Position of Governor in Constitutional system of India
The Governor is appointed by the President, which means the central government.
Although Article 154(1) of the Constitution vests the executive power of the State in the Governor, he is required to exercise that power according to the Constitution.
The Governor can act only on the aid and advice of the Council of Ministers.
The Governor is only the constitutional head of the state and the executive power of the state is exercised by the Council of Ministers.
The options before the Governor in the matter of giving assent to a Bill
The assent of the Governor or the President is necessary for a bill to become a law.
Article 200 of the Constitution provides for four alternatives for a Governor when a Bill passed by the legislature-
The Governor can give his assent straightaway.
The Governor can withhold his assent.
He may also reserve it for the consideration of the President.
He may return the Bill to the legislature with the request that it may reconsider the Bill or any particular provision of the Bill.
However, if the legislature re-passes the bill without accepting any of the amendments suggested by the governor, he is constitutionally bound to assent to the bill.
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