Parliamentary panel reviews Goa’s uniform civil code
Tags: State News
A parliamentary committee reviewed Goa's Uniform Civil Code. Some members of the committee believe that it contains some strange and outdated provisions related to marriage.
The Goa Civil Code, applicable to citizens of all religions and origins of the coastal state, is at the centre of discussion amid calls for a uniform civil code across the country.
States like Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh have proposed to implement Uniform Civil Code.
Members of Parliament's Standing Committee on Law Personnel Affairs, headed by Sushil Kumar Modi, had visited Goa in June and reviewed the civil code there.
Goa Civil Code
In 1867, Portugal enacted a Portuguese civil code, and in 1869 it was extended to the overseas provinces of Portugal (which included Goa).
It is considered a Uniform Civil Code.
Generally, the Goa Civil Code is far more gender-justifiable than other laws in the country.
The law does not recognize bigamy or polygamy, including by Muslims.
The law provides for compulsory registration of marriage before a civil authority, ensuring that the wife is an equal heir and entitled to half of the "common property".
The parents have to compulsorily share at least half of the property with their children including daughters.
What is a Uniform Civil Code?
Uniform Civil Code means one law for the whole country, which is applicable to all religious communities in their personal matters like marriage, divorce, inheritance, adoption etc.
Article 44 of the Constitution talks about securing a Uniform Civil Code for every citizen of the country.
Article 44 is one of the Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP).
Article 37 of the Constitution makes it clear that the DPSP "shall not be enforced by any court"but the principles laid down therein are fundamental in governance.
The Supreme Court for the first time directed the Parliament to frame a uniform civil code in the year 1985 in Shah Bano case.
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