World Pneumonia Day

Tags: Important Days

World Pneumonia Day

World Pneumonia Day is observed on November 12 every year. 

Important facts

  • The day aims to raise awareness about pneumonia and shed light on its symptoms, prevention and treatment.

  • According to the World Health Organisation, 170,180 children under the age of 5 died of pneumonia in 2019.

  • Pneumonia affects children and families everywhere, but deaths are highest in southern Asia and sub-Saharan Africa.

  • The World Pneumonia Day 2022 theme - "Championing the fight to stop pneumonia."

Background of the day

  • World Pneumonia Day was first observed on 12 November 2009 under 'Stop Pneumonia', an initiative of the Global Coalition Against Child Pneumonia.

  • After that, WHO and UNICEF launched an integrated global action plan to prevent and control pneumonia.

What is Pneumonia?

  • Pneumonia is an infection in one or both lungs caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi.

  • Any infection causes inflammation in the lungs, which is called pneumonia.

  • Although most pneumonia is caused by bacterial infection.

  • Viral infections like influenza or covid-19 virus can also affect the lungs and cause serious damage to them.

  • Symptoms include high fever and chills, cough with phlegm, physical weakness and feeling unwell, shortness of breath and rapid breathing, and rapid pulse.

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