India ranks 132nd out of 191 in UNDP's human development index
According to the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) report released on 8 September, India is ranked 132 out of 191 countries in the Human Development Index (HDI) 2021.
Switzerland tops the rankings, followed by Norway at second and Iceland at third.
South Sudan, Chad and Niger are at the bottom of the HDI scale.
IMPORTANT FACTS -
- In the 2020 report, India had ranked 131st among 189 countries.
The report said that nearly 90 percent of countries have reported a decline in their HDI rankings in 2020 or 2021.
Among India's neighbours, Sri Lanka (73rd), China (79th), Bangladesh (129th), and Bhutan (127th) rank above India, while Pakistan (161st), Nepal (143th) and Myanmar (149th) rank worse.
India's latest HDI value is 0.633 which places the country in the medium human development category, lower than its value of 0.645 in the 2020 report.
The reason for the decline in the ranking of more than 90 percent of the countries is the Covid-19 pandemic.
The report raises concerns over growing polarization that is eroding democratic freedoms and human rights in many parts of the world.
Gender Inequality :
The COVID-19 pandemic has also exacerbated gender inequality, which has risen by 6.7% globally.
India has shown a slight improvement in its Gender Inequality Index value in the latest report as compared to the 2020 index (0.490 vs 0.493).
The index measures inequality between women and men in three dimensions – reproductive health, empowerment and the labour market.
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION -
About Human Development Index :
The United Nations Development Program (UNDP) published its first Human Development Report (HDR) in 1990.
The report attempts to define and measure the level of development of economies.
Three indicators of Human Development Report (HDR)
Health - Measured by the life expectancy at birth
Education - Measured by the mean of years of schooling
Standard of Living - Measured by GNI (Gross National Income/Product) per capita at ‘Purchasing Power Parity
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