India records reduction in Child mortality rate as per the SRS 2020
As per the Sample Registration System (SRS) Statistical Report 2020 released on 22nd September 2022 by Registrar General of India, the Child mortality Rate, Infant Mortality rate, Neonatal Mortality rate has registered a decline in the country as compared to 2014.
IMPORTANT FACTS -
Crude Birth Rate (CBR)
Total Fertility Rate
Early Neonatal Mortality Rate (ENMR) – 0- 7 days
Neonatal Mortality Rate (NMR)
Infant Mortality Rate (IMR)
Under 5 Mortality Rate (U5MR)
Definition and data highlights :
- Crude Birth Rate: It is defined as the annual number of live births per 1,000 population.
- Total Fertility Rate (TFR): It refers to the average number of children which a woman can give birth to during her reproductive life cycle.
- Early Neonatal Mortality Rate: It refers to the deaths during the first 7 completed days of life per 1000 live births in a given year.
- Neonatal Mortality rate: Neonatal Number of deaths during the first 28 completed days of life per 1000 live births in a given year.
- In Urban area it was 12 and in the rural area it was 23
- Infant Mortality Rate: Infant Mortality rate refers to the deaths of children below the age of a year and above per 1000 births.
- In the Urban area the IMR was 19 and in the rural area it was 31.
- The IMR for male and female was same, 28 per 1000 live births.
- Under 5 Mortality Rate: It is defined as the probability of a child dying between birth and exactly 5 years of age, expressed per 1,000 lives.
- It is 36 in rural areas and 21 in urban areas.
- In females it was 33 and in male it was 31.
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION -
Other important points of the SRS data :
- According to the SRS 2020 data, 6 states have achieved the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) target of Neonatal Mortality rate (NMR) of 12 or less.
- These states are Kerala (4), Delhi (9), Tamil Nadu (9), Maharashtra (11), Jammu & Kashmir (12) and Punjab (12).
- 11 States /Union Territories have achieved SDG -Under 5 Mortality rate goals of 25 or less than 25 deaths per 1000 live births.
- These states are: Kerala (8), Tamil Nadu (13), Delhi (14), Maharashtra (18), J&K (17), Karnataka (21), Punjab (22), West Bengal (22), Telangana (23), Gujarat (24), and Himachal Pradesh (24).
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