President Ram Nath Kovind inaugurated the Sant Kabir Academy and Research Centre at Maghar
President Ram Nath Kovind inaugurated the Sant Kabir Academy and Research Centre Swadesh Darshan Yojana at Maghar, Uttar Pradesh on June 5.
Kabir and the Bhakti movement
The Bhakti movement began in the 7th century in South India to spread across north India in the 14th and the 15th centuries.
The movement included popular poet-saints, who sang devotional songs in local languages, with several preachings for the abolition of the varna system and for Hindu-Muslim unity.
They emphasised a deep emotional attachment with God.
Within the Bhakti movement there was a school Nirguna tradition and Sant Kabir was a prominent member of it.
In this tradition, God was understood as a universal and formless being.
Kabir was a 'low caste' weaver, Raidas was a leather worker and Dadu was a cotton carder.
His campaign against conservatism and rejection of caste made him extremely popular among the masses and his ideology of egalitarianism spread across India.
His early life
He was born in Varanasi and lived between the years 1398 and 1448, or until the year 1518 according to popular belief.
According to other belief, Kabir was born to a Brahmin widow, who placed him in a basket and set him afloat on a pond, after which he was rescued and adopted by a Muslim couple.
He is also believed to be a disciple of the famous guru Ramananda, a 14th century Vaishnava poet-saint.
His verses are found in the Guru Granth Sahib, the scripture of Sikhism.
His work was collected by the fifth Sikh Guru, Guru Arjan Dev.
Kabir's works were written in Hindi language, which was easy to understand.
Kabir Granthawali, Anurag Sagar, Bijak and Sakhi are his main texts.
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