Russia warns US to stop NATO’s Eastward Expansion


Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov told U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken that Moscow needed “long-term security guarantees” that would halt NATO’s eastward expansion.

Mr. Lavrov and Mr. Blinken were in Stockholm for a meeting of the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe to attend the Ministerial meeting of the OSCE ,organised by Sweden at Stockholm from 1-3 December 2021..

  • Moscow wanted a legally binding promise that Ukraine would not be allowed to join NATO. If US still draws Moscow into its geopolitical games, then Moscow will opt for retaliatory measures to straighten out the military strategic balance.
  • The US also warned Russia against invading Ukraine. They expressed deep concerns about Russia’s plans for renewed aggression against Ukraine, and warned of serious consequences if Russia decides to pursue confrontation.
  • The US urged for full implementation of the Minsk peace accords.

NATONorth Atlantic Treaty Organization)

  • It is a military alliance which was set up after the signing of the Washington Treaty on 4 April 1949 in Washington , U.S.
  • It was set up to combat threats from the Communist countries led by the Soviet Union in Europe.
  • After the breakup of the Soviet Union,Russia is considered to be the successor state of Russia.
  • Initially there were 12 member countries but at present there are 30 member countries . There are two North American countries: US and Canada and 28 European Countries.
  • Most recent member state added to NATO -North Macedonia on 27th March 2020.
  • The NATO headquarters are located in Brussels, Belgium.


Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)

OSCE is the world's largest security-oriented intergovernmental organization.

It was earlier called the Conference on Security and  Cooperation in Europe and was founded on 1 August 1975 at Helsinki, Finland.

Its name was changed to the Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) in 1994.  Its mandate includes issues such as arms control, promotion of human rights, freedom of the press, and fair elections.

Secretariat - Vienna Austria


Minsk Peace Accord

The Minsk Accord is an agreement which seeks to end conflict in Ukraine. The Ukrainian region of Crimea voted to join Russia in 2014. It was opposed by Ukraine but was supported by Russia and Russian provided military support to the Crimean leading to the defeat of the Ukrainian forces.

To bring peace in the region an agreement was signed on Ukraine, consisting of Ukraine, the Russian Federation, and the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) along with mediation by the leaders of France and Germany. 

The agreement was signed in Minsk, Capital of Belarus.  It aimed at resolving the conflict with pro-Russian separatists in eastern Ukraine but never got enforced.

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