Kerala accuses Tamilnadu of causing flood

Tags: State News

Kerala government has accused Tamil Nadu of releasing 5000 cusecs of water to the Periyar River from Mullaperiyar reservoir, without any sufficient warning to Kerala, causing flood in Vallakadavu, Vandiperiyar, Chappathu and Upputhara area of Kerala.

The Mullaperiyar dam is built on river Periyar and is located in the Idukki district of Kerala but is controlled by Tamilnadu. In october 1886 an agreement was signed between the Maharaja of Travancore and British India on behalf of Madras Presidency for a 999 year lease of the dam to the Madras Presidency.  

After Independence Travancore's part of the treaty was inherited by Kerala and Madras Presidency part was inherited by  Tamilnadu.

Additional Information regarding Mullaperiyar Dam

Period of Construction – 1887-1895

Main reason behind Construction - To provide water to the arid rain shadow region of Tamil Nadu especially the districts of Theni, Dindigul, Madurai, Sivagangai, Ramanathapuram.

Protected wildlife areas around the dam – 

Periyar National Park 

  • It became a national Tiger park under project tiger in 2017
  • It is also an Elephant Reserve under Project Elephant from 2002.
  • Main wildlife:  Rare lion-tailed macaque(type of monkey), The Nilgiri langur, The common langur, and  Bonnet macaque

Type of Dam – Masonry Gravity Dam (Gravity dams use their weight and the force of gravity to support the reservoir and remain stable)

River: It is on the Periyar river.

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