Chinese President Xi Jinping on a first trip outside China in over two years

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China has announced that the Chinese President Xi Jinping will be on an official visit to Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan from Sep 14 - 16 and attend the summit meeting of Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) in the Uzbek city of Samarkand. 


  • India will take over the SCO Presidency from Uzbekistan at the summit.
  • It is for the first time that President Xi is leaving China for abroad in the last two years since the onset of covid in China.
  • It is not clear whether he will meet Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi.  Prime Minister Narendra Modi will visit Uzbekistan on September 15-16 to attend the SCO Summit.
  • Samarkand Summit would be the first in-person SCO summit since 2019.

Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) :

  • The Shanghai Cooperation Organization came into existence on June 15, 2001 after the expansion of the 'Shanghai Five'.
  • The Shanghai Five was formed in 1996 by Russia, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan.
  • After the entry of Uzbekistan into the organization in the year 2001, 'Shanghai-5' was named SCO.
  • In the year 2017, India and Pakistan got the status of its member.
  • SCO has four observer states ;Iran, Mongolia, Belarus and Afghanistan
  • It has six dialogue partner states; Armenia, Azerbaijan, Cambodia, Nepal, Turkey and Sri Lanka. 

Full From :

SCO : Shanghai Cooperation Organization

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